Patterns of tobacco smoking among illicit drug users in Australia 2001-2010

Fraser, Doug, Gartner, Coral and Hall, Wayne (2014) Patterns of tobacco smoking among illicit drug users in Australia 2001-2010. Drug and Alcohol Review, 33 5: 534-539. doi:10.1111/dar.12187

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Author Fraser, Doug
Gartner, Coral
Hall, Wayne
Title Patterns of tobacco smoking among illicit drug users in Australia 2001-2010
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0959-5236
Publication date 2014-09-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/dar.12187
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 33
Issue 5
Start page 534
End page 539
Total pages 6
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Introduction and Aims

This study aimed to investigate whether there were changes from 2001 to 2010 in the characteristics of young adults who used party drugs or other illicit drugs and to determine if the prevalence of tobacco smoking differed depending on the type of drugs used.

Design and Methods

We analysed confidentialised data from the 2001 and 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Surveys. We compared young adults (aged 18–29) who used party drugs to other drug users and non-users on demographic variables. We assessed relationships between (i) illicit drug use and smoking; (ii) illicit drug use and smoking while controlling for social and demographic differences; and (iii) illicit drug use and smoking after controlling for social and demographic variables along with cannabis and alcohol use.


There was little difference between 2001 and 2010 in drug user characteristics and smoking. Party drug users were more educated and of higher socioeconomic status than illicit drug users and non-users. Party drug users and users of other illicit drugs were far more likely to smoke tobacco; however, a large part of this relationship was explained by the higher rate of cannabis and alcohol use in these groups.

Discussion and Conclusions

Over the last decade, party drug users have been a relatively socially advantaged sub-population, yet smoking prevalence among these and other drug users has remained higher than among non-users. This might be explained by the common sequence of drug involvement in which people initiate smoking, then cannabis use and followed by other drugs. [Fraser D, Gartner C, Hall W. Patterns of tobacco smoking among illicit drug users in Australia 2001–2010. Drug Alcohol Rev 2014;33:534–9]
Keyword Smoking
Illicit drug
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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