Paralympic classification: conceptual basis, current methods, and research update

Tweedy, Sean M., Beckman, Emma M. and Connick, Mark J. (2014) Paralympic classification: conceptual basis, current methods, and research update. PM and R: Paralympic Sports Medicine and Science, 6 8 (Supplement): S11-S17. doi:10.1016/j.pmrj.2014.04.013


Author Tweedy, Sean M.
Beckman, Emma M.
Connick, Mark J.
Title Paralympic classification: conceptual basis, current methods, and research update
Journal name PM and R: Paralympic Sports Medicine and Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1934-1482
1934-1563
Publication date 2014-08-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.pmrj.2014.04.013
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 6
Issue 8 (Supplement)
Start page S11
End page S17
Total pages 7
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 3612 Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
2742 Rehabilitation
2808 Neurology
2728 Clinical Neurology
Abstract Paralympic classification systems aim to promote participation in sport by people with disabilities by controlling for the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition. Valid systems of classification ensure that successful athletes are those who have the most advantageous combination of anthropometric, physiological, and/or psychological attributes, and who have enhanced them to the best effect. Classification systems that are not valid pose a significant threat to Paralympic sport and, therefore, the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) has a Classification Code which includes policy commitment to the development of evidence-based methods of classification. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of current best practice in classification for athletes with physical impairments, and to update research advances in the area. Currently, classification has 4stages: (1) establish whether the athlete has a health condition that will lead to one or more of the 8 eligible types of physical impairment, (2) determine whether the athlete has an eligible impairment type, (3) determine whether the impairment is severe enough, and (4) determine in what class theathlete should compete. A sequential 4-step process that outlines how to initiate and develop evidence-based methods of classification is described: (1) specification of impairment types that are eligible for the sport; (2) development of valid measures of impairment(s); (3) development of standardized, sport-specific measures of performance; and (4) assessment of the relative strength of association between measures of impairment and measures of performance. Of these, the development and reporting of valid measures of impairment is currently the most pressing scientific challenge in the development of evidence-based methods of classification.
Keyword Rehabilitation
Sport Sciences
Rehabilitation
Sport Sciences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 29 Sep 2014, 22:03:04 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences