Early response of soil properties and function to riparian rainforest restoration

Gageler, Rose, Bonner, Mark, Kirchhof, Gunnar, Amos, Mark, Robinson, Nicole, Schmidt, Susanne and Shoo, Luke P. (2014) Early response of soil properties and function to riparian rainforest restoration. PLoS One, 9 8: e104198.1-e104198.8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104198

Author Gageler, Rose
Bonner, Mark
Kirchhof, Gunnar
Amos, Mark
Robinson, Nicole
Schmidt, Susanne
Shoo, Luke P.
Title Early response of soil properties and function to riparian rainforest restoration
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-08-12
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0104198
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 8
Start page e104198.1
End page e104198.8
Total pages 8
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 2700 Medicine
1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract Reforestation of riparian zones is increasingly practiced in many regions for purposes of biodiversity conservation, bank stabilisation, and improvement in water quality. This is in spite of the actual benefits of reforestation for recovering underlying soil properties and function remaining poorly understood. Here we compare remnant riparian rainforest, pasture and reforestation plantings aged 2-20 years in an Australian subtropical catchment on ferrosols to determine the extent to which reforestation restores key soil properties. Of the nine soil attributes measured (total nitrogen, nitrate and ammonium concentrations, net nitrification and ammonification rates, organic carbon, bulk density, fine root biomass and water infiltration rates), only infiltration rates were significantly lower in pasture than remnant riparian rainforest. Within reforestation plantings, bulk density decreased up to 1.4-fold and infiltration rates increased up to 60-fold with time post-reforestation. Our results suggest that the main outcome of belowground processes of early reforestation is the recovery of the soils' physical structure, with potential beneficial ecosystem services including reduced runoff, erosion and associated sediment and nutrient loads in waterways. We also demonstrate differential impacts of two commonly planted tree species on a subset of soil properties suggesting that preferential planting of select species could accelerate progress on specific restoration objectives.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 10 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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