The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus): A case study in the development of reproductive technology in a marsupial

Johnston, Stephen D. and Holt, William V. (2014). The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus): A case study in the development of reproductive technology in a marsupial. In William V. Holt, Janine L. Brown and Pierre Comizzoli (Ed.), Reproductive sciences in animal conservation: Progress and prospects (pp. 171-203) New York NY United States: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-0820-2-9

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Author Johnston, Stephen D.
Holt, William V.
Title of chapter The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus): A case study in the development of reproductive technology in a marsupial
Title of book Reproductive sciences in animal conservation: Progress and prospects
Place of Publication New York NY United States
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-0820-2-9
Year available 2014
Series Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISBN 9781493908196
9781493908202
ISSN 0065-2598
Editor William V. Holt
Janine L. Brown
Pierre Comizzoli
Volume number 753
Chapter number 9
Start page 171
End page 203
Total pages 33
Total chapters 20
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The successful development and application of an assisted breeding program in any animal relies primarily on a thorough understanding of the fundamental reproductive biology (anatomy, physiology and behaviour) of the species in question. Surely, the ultimate goal and greatest hallmark of such a program is the efficacious establishment of a series of reliable techniques that facilitate the reproductive and genetic management of fragmented populations, both in captivity and in the wild. Such an achievement is all the more challenging when the reproductive biology of that species is essentially rudimentary and without adequate reproductive models to compare to. Using the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) as a case study, this chapter provides some personal insights into the evolution of a concept that began as a small undergraduate student project but that subsequently evolved into the first-ever successful artificial insemination of a marsupial. Apart from this historical perspective, we also provide a brief review of the current reproductive biology of the koala, discuss technical elements of current assisted breeding technology of this species, its potential application to the wombat, and the future role it might play in helping to conserve wild koala populations. There is little doubt that the unique reproductive biology and tractability of the koala has in this case been a benefit rather than a hindrance to the success of artificial breeding in this species.
Keyword Koala
Phascolarctos cinereus
Assisted breeding technology
Reproductive biology
Semen collection
Semen cryopreservation
Oestrus detection
Induction of ovulation
Artificial insemination
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
 
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Created: Sat, 09 Aug 2014, 03:15:17 EST by Associate Professor Stephen Johnston on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences