Comparing the effectiveness of forest law enforcement and economic incentives to prevent illegal logging in Bangladesh

Mukul, S. A., Herbohn, J., Rashid, A. Z. M. M. and Uddin, M. B. (2014) Comparing the effectiveness of forest law enforcement and economic incentives to prevent illegal logging in Bangladesh. International Forestry Review, 16 3: 363-375. doi:10.1505/146554814812572485

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Author Mukul, S. A.
Herbohn, J.
Rashid, A. Z. M. M.
Uddin, M. B.
Title Comparing the effectiveness of forest law enforcement and economic incentives to prevent illegal logging in Bangladesh
Journal name International Forestry Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1465-5489
2053-7778
Publication date 2014-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1505/146554814812572485
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 16
Issue 3
Start page 363
End page 375
Total pages 13
Place of publication Craven Arms, Shropshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Commonwealth Forestry Association
Language eng
Abstract Enforcement of the law is the most widely practiced strategy to prevent illegal logging in tropical developing countries, though the efficacy of such practice has often been questioned. We examined the effectiveness of forest law enforcement and different forms of economic incentives to curb the activities of illegal loggers. Thirty households, both with and without economic incentives, were interviewed in 2007 and 2009 in two protected areas of Bangladesh, namely the Lawachara National Park and the Satchari National Park. The enforcement of customary forest law appears to have very little ability to tackle illegal logging, whereas different alternative income-generating options designed to influence the livelihoods of illegal loggers are revealed to be very useful because such initiatives were found to have considerably reduced both the number of illegal loggers and the frequencies and amount of timber harvested illegally in both sites. Interestingly, illegal loggers responded most positively when they found themselves much closer to forests with clearly defined rights and responsibilities. Securing development of local forest users with tenure rights and greater access to alternative income-generating options, market regulation, and institutional and regulatory reform are critical to control illegal logging and to guarantee the sustainability of declining forest resources.
Keyword Alternative income generation
Bangladesh
Co-management
Conservation
Law enforcement
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sat, 09 Aug 2014, 03:11:14 EST by Sharif Ahmed Mukul on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management