Modelling fire growth and toxic gas formation

Welch, S., Torero, J. L. and Paul, S. (2010). Modelling fire growth and toxic gas formation. In A. A. Stec and T. R. Hull (Ed.), Fire toxicity (pp. 637-667) Cambridge, United Kingdom: Woodhead Publishing. doi:10.1533/9781845698072.6.637

Author Welch, S.
Torero, J. L.
Paul, S.
Title of chapter Modelling fire growth and toxic gas formation
Title of book Fire toxicity
Place of Publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Woodhead Publishing
Publication Year 2010
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1533/9781845698072.6.637
Open Access Status
ISBN 9781845695026
Editor A. A. Stec
T. R. Hull
Chapter number 20
Start page 637
End page 667
Total pages 31
Total chapters 20
Language eng
Abstract/Summary The enormous complexity of the coupled phenomena of fire growth and toxic gas generation presents a huge challenge to predictive methodologies. Their prediction is hampered by the fact that the combustible materials involved in real fires are typically poorly defined, not having benefited from the detailed studies undertaken in the wider combustion community on idealised fuels. Moreover, the often significant effects of finite-rate chemistry greatly complicate representations of gas-phase combustion. Despite these difficulties, significant progress is now being made towards establishing more robust modelling frameworks. In particular a number of advanced CFD-based approaches are being developed which have the potential to include key phenomena influencing fire yields of toxic gas such as carbon monoxide. Further progress is constrained on the need for some degree of empirical calibration in simpler models, and by computational demands and a lack of knowledge of relevant input parameters amongst the more advanced approaches. None has been yet extensively tested in fire applications, and the bulk of modelling activity remains confined to the research domain.
Keyword Fire modelling
Fire growth
Flame spread
Toxic gas
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Fri, 08 Aug 2014, 12:22:38 EST by Julie Hunter on behalf of School of Civil Engineering