The large terrestrial carnivore guild in Quaternary Southeast Asia

Louys, Julien (2014) The large terrestrial carnivore guild in Quaternary Southeast Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 96 86-97. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.014

Author Louys, Julien
Title The large terrestrial carnivore guild in Quaternary Southeast Asia
Journal name Quaternary Science Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0277-3791
Publication date 2014-07-15
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.014
Volume 96
Start page 86
End page 97
Total pages 12
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Much of Southeast Asia's large terrestrial carnivores appeared, evolved and disappeared from the region for reasons that remain poorly understood. Two of the most significant extinctions are represented by the charismatic Pleistocene megacarnivores Pachycrocuta and Pliocrocuta. Southeast Asia hosts the last populations of these species globally. Their persistence in southern China until the late Pleistocene suggests their extinction was not tied to that of the machairodont cats, which like the rest of the world became extinct sometime in the early Pleistocene in this region. Instead the disappearance of the hyenids is probably related to climate change and deteriorating environmental conditions. There is some evidence that the wolf and domesticated dog first appeared in Southeast Asia, although confirmation of this awaits more detailed fossil records. There does not appear to be a large carnivore guild turnover of the same scale or time as recorded in Europe and Africa, although an extinction event in the late Pleistocene is provisionally recorded. Environmental changes and fluctuating sea levels have had a unique impact on the region's large carnivore guild. Several large carnivores from Java show unique genetic and morphological variations, and this could potentially be related to the connection between Java and the Indochinese mainland sometime during the middle Pleistocene. The effects of islands on the large carnivores are complicated and at times contradictory. Nevertheless, periods of isolation of large carnivores on Java, Sumatra and Borneo from the continent had impacts on both extinctions and speciations, with at least one well documented endemic large carnivore evolving in Sundaland (Sunda clouded leopard). Hunting and deforestation ongoing since the mid- to late Holocene means that many extant members of the large carnivore guild are at high risk of extinction.
Keyword Tiger
Clouded leopard
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 29 July 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
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