Antarctica's Protected Areas Are Inadequate, Unrepresentative, and at Risk

Shaw, Justine D., Terauds, Aleks, Riddle, Martin J., Possingham, Hugh P. and Chown, Steven L. (2014) Antarctica's Protected Areas Are Inadequate, Unrepresentative, and at Risk. PLoS Biology, 12 6: e1001888.1-e1001888.5. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001888

Author Shaw, Justine D.
Terauds, Aleks
Riddle, Martin J.
Possingham, Hugh P.
Chown, Steven L.
Title Antarctica's Protected Areas Are Inadequate, Unrepresentative, and at Risk
Journal name PLoS Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1544-9173
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001888
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Issue 6
Start page e1001888.1
End page e1001888.5
Total pages 5
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 2800 Neuroscience
2400 Immunology and Microbiology
1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract Antarctica is widely regarded as one of the planet's last true wildernesses, insulated from threat by its remoteness and declaration as a natural reserve dedicated to peace and science. However, rapidly growing human activity is accelerating threats to biodiversity. We determined how well the existing protected-area system represents terrestrial biodiversity and assessed the risk to protected areas from biological invasions, the region's most significant conservation threat. We found that Antarctica is one of the planet's least protected regions, with only 1.5% of its ice-free area formally designated as specially protected areas. Five of the distinct ice-free ecoregions have no specially designated areas for the protection of biodiversity. Every one of the 55 designated areas that protect Antarctica's biodiversity lies closer to sites of high human activity than expected by chance, and seven lie in high-risk areas for biological invasions. By any measure, including Aichi Target 11 under the Convention on Biological Diversity, Antarctic biodiversity is poorly protected by reserves, and those reserves are threatened.
Keyword Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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