Direct measurements of wind stress over the surf zone

Shabani, Behnam, Nielsen, Peter and Baldock, Tom (2014) Direct measurements of wind stress over the surf zone. Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, 119 5: 2949-2973. doi:10.1002/2013JC009585

Author Shabani, Behnam
Nielsen, Peter
Baldock, Tom
Title Direct measurements of wind stress over the surf zone
Journal name Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2169-9291
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/2013JC009585
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 119
Issue 5
Start page 2949
End page 2973
Total pages 25
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Abstract Field data of the wind stress over surf zone waves are presented from an open ocean beach on the East Australian Coast. Two ultrasonic anemometers were deployed at nominal heights of 5 and 10 m above the water surface in the intertidal and inner surf zones, with concurrent measurements of water levels and offshore wave parameters. Following a rigorous quality control procedure, the wind stress was determined by the eddy correlation technique. A constant stress layer was observed between 5 and 10 m elevation. Considering near-neutral conditions only, the wind drag coefficients were found to systematically change with the wind angle of approach relative to the shoreline and are much smaller for longshore wind than during onshore wind. The concept of an apparent wave steepness changing with wind direction is suggested to explain this behavior. The drag coefficients over the surf zone during onshore wind and near-neutral conditions were determined to be almost twice the values expected at the same wind speed and open ocean conditions. The observed Charnock coefficient was similarly an order of magnitude larger than open ocean values. A wave celerity of the order of that expected in the inner surf zone is required to explain the observed large roughness and drag coefficients using existing wave age-dependent parameterizations. This suggests that the slower wave celerity in the surf zone is an important contributor to the increased wind stress, in addition to the sawtooth wave shape. Key Points A new field data set of the wind stress over surf zone waves is presented Concept of an apparent wave steepness is proposed to explain drag observations Surf zone drag coefficients were almost twice the values outside the surf
Keyword Air-sea interaction
Coastal water
Storm surge
Surf zone
Wind drag coefficient
Wind stress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID DP0877235
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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