Dispersal capacity predicts both population genetic structure and species richness in reef fishes

Riginos, Cynthia, Buckley, Yvonne M., Blomberg, Simon P. and Treml, Eric A. (2014) Dispersal capacity predicts both population genetic structure and species richness in reef fishes. American Naturalist, 184 1: 52-64. doi:10.1086/676505

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
UQ334248_OA.pdf Full text (open access) application/pdf 559.95KB 0

Author Riginos, Cynthia
Buckley, Yvonne M.
Blomberg, Simon P.
Treml, Eric A.
Title Dispersal capacity predicts both population genetic structure and species richness in reef fishes
Journal name American Naturalist   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-0147
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1086/676505
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 184
Issue 1
Start page 52
End page 64
Total pages 13
Place of publication Chicago, IL, United States
Publisher University of Chicago Press
Language eng
Subject 1105 Dentistry
Abstract Dispersal is a fundamental species characteristic that should directly affect both rates of gene flow among spatially distributed populations and opportunities for speciation. Yet no single trait associated with dispersal has been demonstrated to affect both micro- and macroevolutionary patterns of diversity across a diverse biological assemblage. Here, we examine patterns of genetic differentiation and species richness in reef fishes, an assemblage of over 7,000 species comprising approximately one-third of the extant bony fishes and over one-tenth of living vertebrates. In reef fishes, dispersal occurs primarily during a planktonic larval stage. There are two major reproductive and parental investment syndromes among reef fishes, and the differences between them have implications for dispersal: (1) benthic guarding fishes lay negatively buoyant eggs, typically guarded by the male parent, and from these eggs hatch large, strongly swimming larvae; in contrast, (2) pelagic spawning fishes release small floating eggs directly into the water column, which drift unprotected before small weakly swimming larvae hatch. Using phylogenetic comparative methods, we show that benthic guarders have significantly greater population structure than pelagic spawners and additionally that taxonomic families of benthic guarders are more species rich than families of pelagic spawners. Our findings provide a compelling case for the continuity between micro- and macroevolutionary processes of biological diversification and underscore the importance of dispersalrelated traits in influencing the mode and tempo of evolution.
Keyword Dispersal
Key innovation
Life history traits
Planktonic larvae
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 25 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 25 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 08 Jul 2014, 12:15:08 EST by System User on behalf of School of Biological Sciences