The influence of photoreceptor size and distribution on optical sensitivity in the eyes of lanternfishes (Myctophidae)

De Busserolles, Fanny, Fitzpatrick, John L., Marshall, N. Justin and Collin, Shaun P. (2014) The influence of photoreceptor size and distribution on optical sensitivity in the eyes of lanternfishes (Myctophidae). PLoS One, 9 6: e99957.1-e99957.18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099957


Author De Busserolles, Fanny
Fitzpatrick, John L.
Marshall, N. Justin
Collin, Shaun P.
Title The influence of photoreceptor size and distribution on optical sensitivity in the eyes of lanternfishes (Myctophidae)
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-06-13
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0099957
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 6
Start page e99957.1
End page e99957.18
Total pages 18
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
2700 Medicine
Abstract The mesopelagic zone of the deep-sea (200-1000 m) is characterised by exponentially diminishing levels of downwelling sunlight and by the predominance of bioluminescence emissions. The ability of mesopelagic organisms to detect and behaviourally react to downwelling sunlight and/or bioluminescence will depend on the visual task and ultimately on the eyes and their capacity for detecting low levels of illumination and intermittent point sources of bioluminescent light. In this study, we investigate the diversity of the visual system of the lanternfish (Myctophidae). We focus specifically on the photoreceptor cells by examining their size, arrangement, topographic distribution and contribution to optical sensitivity in 53 different species from 18 genera. We also examine the influence(s) of both phylogeny and ecology on these photoreceptor variables using phylogenetic comparative analyses in order to understand the constraints placed on the visual systems of this large group of mesopelagic fishes at the first stage of retinal processing. We report great diversity in the visual system of the Myctophidae at the level of the photoreceptors. Photoreceptor distribution reveals clear interspecific differences in visual specialisations (areas of high rod photoreceptor density), indicating potential interspecific differences in interactions with prey, predators and/or mates. A great diversity in photoreceptor design (length and diameter) and density is also present. Overall, the myctophid eye is very sensitive compared to other teleosts and each species seems to be specialised for the detection of a specific signal (downwelling light or bioluminescence), potentially reflecting different visual demands for survival. Phylogenetic comparative analyses highlight several relationships between photoreceptor characteristics and the ecological variables tested (depth distribution and luminous tissue patterns). Depth distribution at night was a significant factor in most of the models tested, indicating that vision at night is of great importance for lanternfishes and may drive the evolution of their photoreceptor design.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Official 2015 Collection
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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