Implementing REDD+ in Papua New Guinea: can biodiversity indicators be effectively integrated in PNG's National Forest Inventory?

Grussu, G., Attorre, F., Mollicone, D., Dargusch, P., Guillet, A. and Marchetti, M. (2014) Implementing REDD+ in Papua New Guinea: can biodiversity indicators be effectively integrated in PNG's National Forest Inventory?. Plant Biosystems, 148 3: 519-528. doi:10.1080/11263504.2014.900131

Author Grussu, G.
Attorre, F.
Mollicone, D.
Dargusch, P.
Guillet, A.
Marchetti, M.
Title Implementing REDD+ in Papua New Guinea: can biodiversity indicators be effectively integrated in PNG's National Forest Inventory?
Journal name Plant Biosystems   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1126-3504
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/11263504.2014.900131
Volume 148
Issue 3
Start page 519
End page 528
Total pages 10
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Formatted abstract
UNFCCC's “Cancun safeguards” (COP 16, 2010) provide a strong call for comprehensive steps to prevent harm to biodiversity from Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) activities and to support its conservation. However, as non-binding “principles” and due to their general wording, they are not operational in the present form. Additionally, the scientific literature on biodiversity monitoring for REDD+ is still very limited, particularly when it comes to REDD+ in tropical forests and at the national scale. Whereas some authors suggest that biodiversity integration can be achieved by means of standardised protocols and techniques, others consider that an effective monitoring of biodiversity in tropical forests at the national scale may be an impossible task to achieve in a cost-effective way. However, recent research offers some functional approaches to tackle the many challenges involved. This paper explores the perspectives and limits of developing and effectively incorporating appropriate biodiversity objectives and indicators in Papua New Guinea's multipurpose National Forest Inventory (PNG's NFI). The PNG's NFI is currently being designed under the UN-REDD programme as a key component of the National Forest Monitoring System that PNG is required to establish in order to participate in a future REDD+ mechanism. We conclude that the challenge cannot be effectively tackled only at the design stage of the NFI, as it needs to address a number of issues related to different stages of the REDD+ preparedness process:

1 If biodiversity integration is carried out directly at the NFI stage, it will need to rely on proxies derived from indicators designed to monitor carbon stock change;

2 At the planning stage, a carbon–biodiversity overlay map analysis would allow for a preliminary selection of areas of high biodiversity that could be threatened by REDD+ activities either directly or indirectly through “leakage”;

3 During the implementation stage, the selection could be refined by identifying a sub-sample of sites where forests are undergoing the greatest changes;

4 A comprehensive biodiversity monitoring programme involving field measurements of key species could only be designed once the priority areas have been clearly defined and limited in both number and size.
Keyword REDD+
Biodiversity integration
National Forest Inventory
Remote sensing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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