A 10-year follow-up study on subjective well-being and relationships to person–environment (P–E) fit and activity of daily living (ADL) dependence of older Swedish adults

Werngren-Elgström, Monica, Carlsson, Gunilla and Iwarsson, Susanne (2009) A 10-year follow-up study on subjective well-being and relationships to person–environment (P–E) fit and activity of daily living (ADL) dependence of older Swedish adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 49 1: e16-e22. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2008.08.001


Author Werngren-Elgström, Monica
Carlsson, Gunilla
Iwarsson, Susanne
Title A 10-year follow-up study on subjective well-being and relationships to person–environment (P–E) fit and activity of daily living (ADL) dependence of older Swedish adults
Journal name Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-4943
1872-6976
Publication date 2009-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.archger.2008.08.001
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 49
Issue 1
Start page e16
End page e22
Total pages 7
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract In order to investigate how well-being and ill health is affected by the process of aging, the main aim was to investigate these self-perceived aspects of health over a 10-year period among older Swedish adults. The aim was also to study how these aspects correlated with objectively assessed functional limitations, use of mobility device, person-environment (P-E) fit (also denoted accessibility), problems in housing, and activity of daily living (ADL) dependence. Using the Swedish national population register, a baseline sample of persons aged 75-84 years was identified. Out of the 133 participants at baseline (1994), the 31 participants still available 10 years later were included. The data were collected by means of interview and observation at home visits. Overall, the participants rated their subjective well-being as high and a stable prevalence of ill-health symptoms over time was reported. Changes in subjective well-being as related to changes in functional aspects seem to mainly occur earlier in the aging process, while as time goes by these relations weaken. ADL dependence, however, is more influential in more advanced age. The results confirm the complexity of the construct of health. A main contribution is that the results shed light on the importance of taking the impact of environmental factors into consideration.
Keyword Environmental barriers and functional limitations
Housing Enabler
Longitudinal study
P-E fit (accessibility)
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Sat, 05 Jul 2014, 00:20:22 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work