Patterns and perceptions of physical activity and sedentary time in male transport drivers working in regional Australia

Wong, Jason Y. L., Gilson, Nicholas D., Bush, Robert A. and Brown, Wendy J. (2014) Patterns and perceptions of physical activity and sedentary time in male transport drivers working in regional Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 38 4: 314-320. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12214


Author Wong, Jason Y. L.
Gilson, Nicholas D.
Bush, Robert A.
Brown, Wendy J.
Title Patterns and perceptions of physical activity and sedentary time in male transport drivers working in regional Australia
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1753-6405
1326-0200
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12214
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 38
Issue 4
Start page 314
End page 320
Total pages 7
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Abstract Objective: To objectively measure physical activity (PA) patterns and sedentary time, and explore perceptions of workplace PA opportunities in regional male transport workers. Methods: A multi-method study involving 28 drivers (52.4 +/- 9.69years) working at a bus company in South-East Queensland, Australia. PA was measured using accelerometers (n=23) to determine the proportion of time spent in sedentary (<150 cpm), light (151-2,689 cpm) and moderate+ (2,690 cpm) intensity categories. Paired sample t-tests were used to evaluate differences between categories on a workday/off-workday (n=16), and during work/non-work time (n=15). Interviews were conducted with 28 drivers and six managers to explore perceptions and ideas relating to workplace PA opportunities. Results: Sedentary time was significantly higher on off-work (64% of wear time) than work (52%) days (p<0.05), while the opposite was the case for light intensity time (off-workday=33%; workday=44%; p<0.05). On workdays, sedentary time was significantly lower when employees were working (44%) than when not working (60%; p<0.05). No significant differences were found for time spent in moderate+ PA. Driver perceptions indicated that PA opportunities (walking club and corporate gym membership) were being adopted by some drivers. However, at this depot, perceived health issues and organisational barriers (shift work and irregular driving routines), tended to preclude some drivers from engaging with these opportunities. Conclusions: Findings contest the notion that a sedentary occupation such as driving necessitates an inactive work environment. Implications: This research informs ongoing intervention efforts to target inactive drivers who are struggling to take advantage of existing workplace-related PA opportunities.
Formatted abstract
Objective: To objectively measure physical activity (PA) patterns and sedentary time, and explore perceptions of workplace PA opportunities in regional male transport workers.

Methods: A multi-method study involving 28 drivers (52.4±9.69years) working at a bus company in South-East Queensland, Australia. PA was measured using accelerometers (n=23) to determine the proportion of time spent in sedentary (<150 cpm), light (151–2,689 cpm) and moderate+ (≥2,690 cpm) intensity categories. Paired sample t-tests were used to evaluate differences between categories on a workday/off-workday (n=16), and during work/non-work time (n=15). Interviews were conducted with 28 drivers and six managers to explore perceptions and ideas relating to workplace PA opportunities.

Results: Sedentary time was significantly higher on off-work (64% of wear time) than work (52%) days (p<0.05), while the opposite was the case for light intensity time (off-workday=33%; workday=44%; p<0.05). On workdays, sedentary time was significantly lower when employees were working (44%) than when not working (60%; p<0.05). No significant differences were found for time spent in moderate+ PA. Driver perceptions indicated that PA opportunities (walking club and corporate gym membership) were being adopted by some drivers. However, at this depot, perceived health issues and organisational barriers (shift work and irregular driving routines), tended to preclude some drivers from engaging with these opportunities.

Conclusions: Findings contest the notion that a sedentary occupation such as driving necessitates an inactive work environment.

Implications: This research informs ongoing intervention efforts to target inactive drivers who are struggling to take advantage of existing workplace-related PA opportunities.
Keyword Physical activity
Men
Transport drivers and regional Australia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 24 June 2014

 
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Created: Thu, 03 Jul 2014, 04:19:57 EST by Nicholas Gilson on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences