The association between air pollution and mortality in Thailand

Guo, Yuming, Li, Shanshan, Tawatsupa, Benjawan, Punnasiri, Kornwipa, Jaakkola, Jouni J. K. and Williams, Gail (2014) The association between air pollution and mortality in Thailand. Scientific Reports, 4 . doi:10.1038/srep05509

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Author Guo, Yuming
Li, Shanshan
Tawatsupa, Benjawan
Punnasiri, Kornwipa
Jaakkola, Jouni J. K.
Williams, Gail
Title The association between air pollution and mortality in Thailand
Journal name Scientific Reports   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2045-2322
Publication date 2014-07-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/srep05509
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 4
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 Bayesian statistical inference with a case-crossover design was used to examine the effects of air pollutants {Particulate matter <10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3)} on mortality. We found that all air pollutants had significant short-term impacts on non-accidental mortality. An increase of 10 μg/m3 in PM10, 10 ppb in O3, 1 ppb in SO2 were associated with a 0.40% (95% posterior interval (PI): 0.22, 0.59%), 0.78% (95% PI: 0.20, 1.35%) and 0.34% (95% PI: 0.17, 0.50%) increase of non-accidental mortality, respectively. O3 air pollution is significantly associated with cardiovascular mortality, while PM10 is significantly related to respiratory mortality. In general, the effects of all pollutants on all mortality types were higher in summer and winter than those in the rainy season. This study highlights the effects of exposure to air pollution on mortality risks in Thailand. Our findings support the Thailand government in aiming to reduce high levels of air pollution.
Keyword Epidemiology
Risk factors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article number 5509.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 14 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Jul 2014, 01:30:07 EST by Yuming Guo on behalf of School of Public Health