Fractal analysis in particle dissolution: a review

Bao, Li, Ma, Jia, Long, Weimin, He, Peng, Zhang, Ting-an and Nguyen, Anh V. (2014) Fractal analysis in particle dissolution: a review. Reviews in Chemical Engineering, 30 3: 261-287. doi:10.1515/revce-2013-0032

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Author Bao, Li
Ma, Jia
Long, Weimin
He, Peng
Zhang, Ting-an
Nguyen, Anh V.
Title Fractal analysis in particle dissolution: a review
Journal name Reviews in Chemical Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-8299
Publication date 2014-06-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1515/revce-2013-0032
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 30
Issue 3
Start page 261
End page 287
Total pages 27
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher Walter de Gruyter
Language eng
Subject 1500 Chemical Engineering
Abstract Fractal is a geometric language to describe the objects, the systems, and the phenomenon spatially and temporally. This paper reviews the literature on fractal models developed to describe the dissolution of particles. Dissolution, the process by which a solid forms a homogeneous mixture with a solution, is the behavior of a population of particles rather than a single one in most of the cases. The fractal models developed for the particle population are reviewed on the basis of two key particle surface properties, namely, the surface fractal nature and the chemical reactivity of particle surfaces. In terms of the surface fractal nature, fractals have been used to describe the change in the superficial roughness of particles, surface area-particle size relation, and particle size distribution (PSD). In terms of the reactive fractal dimensions, the models that describe the dissolution process have been developed to obtain the empirical noninteger exponent, the reactive fractal dimension that can dictate the chemical reactivity of a solid surface. The comparison between the surface fractal dimension and the reactive fractal dimension provides the dissolution mechanisms in many aspects of surface morphology. Further research is necessary to modify the current models to coincide with the real industrial processes and production and to develop the specific models for a better understanding of many processes involving the dissolution of particles encountered in many areas, including pharmaceutical and chemical applications and hydrometallurgy.
Keyword Dissolution
Fractal dimension
Particle size
Reaction rate
Surface area
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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