Geriatric syndromes in individuals admitted to vascular and urology surgical units

McRae, P.J., Peel, N.M., Walker, P.J., De Looze, J.W.M. and Mudge, A.M. (2014) Geriatric syndromes in individuals admitted to vascular and urology surgical units. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62 6: 1105-1109. doi:10.1111/jgs.12827

Author McRae, P.J.
Peel, N.M.
Walker, P.J.
De Looze, J.W.M.
Mudge, A.M.
Title Geriatric syndromes in individuals admitted to vascular and urology surgical units
Journal name Journal of the American Geriatrics Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-5415
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jgs.12827
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 62
Issue 6
Start page 1105
End page 1109
Total pages 5
Place of publication Malden, MA, U.S.A.
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Language eng
Subject 2717 Geriatrics and Gerontology
Abstract Objectives To document the incidence of geriatric syndromes (delirium, functional decline, falls, and pressure ulcers) in two surgical units and to determine the association between the occurrence of geriatric syndromes and admission type (elective vs nonelective), severity of surgery, and surgical subspecialty unit. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting One vascular surgical unit and one urology surgical unit in an Australian tertiary teaching hospital. Participants Individuals aged 65 and older admitted to a study unit for 3 days or more (N = 112). Measurements Delirium was identified using a validated chart extraction tool. Functional decline from admission to discharge was identified from nursing documentation. Falls were identified according to documentation in the medical record cross-checked with the hospital incident reporting system. Pressure ulcers were identified according to documentation in the medical record. Results Geriatric syndromes were present in 32% of participants. Delirium was identified in 21%, functional decline in 14%, falls in 8%, and pressure ulcers in 5%. Individuals admitted directly from the emergency or outpatient department and interhospital transfers (nonelective) were significantly more likely to develop any geriatric syndrome than those on an elective surgery list before admission to the hospital (41% vs 18%, P =.01). In multivariable analysis, nonelective admission (odds ratio (OR) = 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.6-4.7, P =.005), major surgery (OR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.7-3.7, P =.004) and preexisting impairment in activities of daily living (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.5-3.6, P =.007) increased the likelihood of geriatric syndromes. Conclusion Geriatric syndromes are common in older adults undergoing surgery, and nonelective admission and major surgery increase the likelihood of geriatric syndromes occurring during hospitalization. Baseline dependency in ADLs is an important risk factor for the occurrence of these conditions. © 2014, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation
Keyword geriatric surgery
geriatric syndromes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
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