Does contemporary vancomycin dosing achieve therapeutic targets in a heterogeneous clinical cohort of critically ill patients? Data from the multinational DALI study

Blot, Stijn, Koulenti, Despoina, Akova, Murat, Bassetti, Matteo, De Waele, Jan J., Dimopoulos, George, Kaukonen, Kirsi-Maija, Martin, Claude, Montravers, Philippe, Rello, Jordi, Rhodes, Andrew, Starr, Therese, Wallis, Steven C., Lipman, Jeffrey and Roberts, Jason A. (2014) Does contemporary vancomycin dosing achieve therapeutic targets in a heterogeneous clinical cohort of critically ill patients? Data from the multinational DALI study. Critical Care, 18 3: 1-11. doi:10.1186/cc13874

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Author Blot, Stijn
Koulenti, Despoina
Akova, Murat
Bassetti, Matteo
De Waele, Jan J.
Dimopoulos, George
Kaukonen, Kirsi-Maija
Martin, Claude
Montravers, Philippe
Rello, Jordi
Rhodes, Andrew
Starr, Therese
Wallis, Steven C.
Lipman, Jeffrey
Roberts, Jason A.
Title Does contemporary vancomycin dosing achieve therapeutic targets in a heterogeneous clinical cohort of critically ill patients? Data from the multinational DALI study
Journal name Critical Care   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1364-8535
1466-609X
Publication date 2014-05-15
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/cc13874
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 18
Issue 3
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Introduction: The objective of this study was to describe the pharmacokinetics of vancomycin in ICU patients and to examine whether contemporary antibiotic dosing results in concentrations that have been associated with favourable response.Methods: The Defining Antibiotic Levels in Intensive Care (DALI) study was a prospective, multicentre pharmacokinetic point-prevalence study. Antibiotic dosing was as per the treating clinician either by intermittent bolus or continuous infusion. Target trough concentration was defined as ≥15 mg/L and target pharmacodynamic index was defined as an area under the concentration-time curve over a 24-hour period divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration of the suspected bacteria (AUC0-24/MIC ratio) >400 (assuming MIC ≤1 mg/L).Results: Data of 42 patients from 26 ICUs were eligible for analysis. A total of 24 patients received vancomycin by continuous infusion (57%). Daily dosage of vancomycin was 27 mg/kg (interquartile range (IQR) 18 to 32), and not different between patients receiving intermittent or continuous infusion. Trough concentrations were highly variable (median 27, IQR 8 to 23 mg/L). Target trough concentrations were achieved in 57% of patients, but more frequently in patients receiving continuous infusion (71% versus 39%; P = 0.038). Also the target AUC0-24/MIC ratio was reached more frequently in patients receiving continuous infusion (88% versus 50%; P = 0.008). Multivariable logistic regression analysis with adjustment by the propensity score could not confirm continuous infusion as an independent predictor of an AUC0-24/MIC >400 (odds ratio (OR) 1.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.2 to 12.0) or a Cmin ≥15 mg/L (OR 1.8, 95% CI 0.4 to 8.5).Conclusions: This study demonstrated large interindividual variability in vancomycin pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic target attainment in ICU patients. These data suggests that a re-evaluation of current vancomycin dosing recommendations in critically ill patients is needed to more rapidly and consistently achieve sufficient vancomycin exposure.
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Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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