Bird conservation values of off-reserve forests in lowland Nepal

Dahal, Bhagawan R., McAlpine, Clive A. and Maron, Martine (2014) Bird conservation values of off-reserve forests in lowland Nepal. Forest Ecology and Management, 323 28-38. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2014.03.033


Author Dahal, Bhagawan R.
McAlpine, Clive A.
Maron, Martine
Title Bird conservation values of off-reserve forests in lowland Nepal
Journal name Forest Ecology and Management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-1127
1872-7042
Publication date 2014-07-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.03.033
Volume 323
Start page 28
End page 38
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Although protected areas are central to global biodiversity conservation, off-reserve forests are increasingly recognized as potentially important for the long term conservation of biota, particularly in less-developed countries where communities rely directly on resources from natural areas. We assessed the conservation value of differently managed forests for birds in lowland tropical forests of Nepal. In particular, we explored whether their conservation value was additional or complementary to those of formal protected areas. Using data collected from 112 sites in protected areas (n = 31), state managed forests (n = 37) and community managed forests (n = 44), we assessed how bird species richness, abundance, diversity and community composition varied among tenures. Although sites in protected areas had the greatest species diversity, community managed forests supported a complementary assemblage. Of 124 species recorded, only 45% were common to all management tenures. Overall, the distinctiveness and richness of species in sites in forests outside of protected areas contributed substantially to regional avifaunal diversity. These results highlight the potentially critical role of appropriately managed community forests. The maintenance of diverse bird assemblages in forest regions depends on complementary management of forests both outside and inside the established protected areas.
Keyword Bird community
Forest management
Conservation value
Tenure arrangement
Community participation
Protected area system
Biodiversity conservation
Vegetation structure
Community
Disturbance
Management
India
Fragmentation
Assemblages
Landscape
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2015 Collection
 
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