Defining dimensions of distinctiveness: Group variability makes a difference to differentiation

Jetten, J, Spears, R and Manstead, ASR (1998) Defining dimensions of distinctiveness: Group variability makes a difference to differentiation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74 6: 1481-1492. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.74.6.1481


Author Jetten, J
Spears, R
Manstead, ASR
Title Defining dimensions of distinctiveness: Group variability makes a difference to differentiation
Journal name Journal of Personality and Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3514
Publication date 1998-06-01
Year available 1998
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/0022-3514.74.6.1481
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 74
Issue 6
Start page 1481
End page 1492
Total pages 12
Place of publication WASHINGTON
Publisher AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
Language eng
Abstract We tested the prediction, derived from an integration of social identity and self-categorization principles, that the relation between in-group distinctiveness and positive differentiation is curvilinear. Moderate distinctiveness is argued to provide the critical combination of intergroup difference (self-categorization theory) and intergroup similarity (social identity theory) to elicit intergroup differentiation. Intergroup distance (differences in group central tendencies) and group variability were manipulated orthogonally, resulting in different levels of intergroup distinctiveness (low, intermediate, and high). In line with predictions, in-group bias and positive differentiation were greatest, for both minimal and natural groups, when the combination of group variability and intergroup distance produced intermediate levels of group distinctiveness. The potential of this integrative model to account for disparate Findings is discussed.
Keyword Reducing Intergroup Bias
Social Identity
Superordinate Goals
Task-Performance
Out-Group
In-Group
Similarity
Discrimination
Categorization
Stereotypes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: ResearcherID Downloads - Archived
 
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