Is planning for driving cessation critical for the well-being and lifestyle of older drivers?

Liddle, Jacki, Reaston, Trisha, Pachana, Nancy, Mitchell, Geoffrey and Gustafsson, Louise (2014) Is planning for driving cessation critical for the well-being and lifestyle of older drivers?. International Psychogeriatrics, 26 7: 1111-1120. doi:10.1017/S104161021400060X

Author Liddle, Jacki
Reaston, Trisha
Pachana, Nancy
Mitchell, Geoffrey
Gustafsson, Louise
Title Is planning for driving cessation critical for the well-being and lifestyle of older drivers?
Journal name International Psychogeriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1741-203X
Publication date 2014-07-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S104161021400060X
Volume 26
Issue 7
Start page 1111
End page 1120
Total pages 10
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Driving cessation has demonstrated impacts on well-being and lifestyle. Despite the recognized reluctance of older people to plan for driving cessation, this study has identified a new group who has a stated plan to stop driving within 12 months. Although gradual reduction of driving has been documented as part of the usual driving cessation, this study explored the differences between retired drivers and those with a stated plan to retire within 12 months in sociodemographic, well-being and lifestyle outcomes.

Methods: This study extracted all baseline data from a clinical trial exploring the effectiveness of a group program for older retiring and retired drivers. Sociodemographic data included age, gender, health status, educational level, and living situation. All participants completed measures related to episodes away from home, well-being, and lifestyle. These were compared using parametric and nonparametric statistical analysis.

Results: Participants (n = 131) included 68 retired drivers (mean age 79.8 years) and 63 retiring drivers (mean age 77.8 years). Retiring drivers engaged in more episodes away from home (p = 0.03), and more social activities (p = 0.02), used less alternative transport (p < 0.001), displayed fewer anxiety (p = 0.05), and depressive (p = 0.01) symptoms, but demonstrated lower transport and lifestyle self-efficacy (p = 0.04).

Conclusion: Both retired and retiring drivers require support for driving cessation and community engagement. Retiring drivers may be in a critical position to engage in driving cessation interventions to improve self-efficacy and begin adapting community mobility.
Keyword Community mobility
Alternative transport
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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