Unconventional chemistry for unconventional natural gas

McFarland, Eric (2012) Unconventional chemistry for unconventional natural gas. Science, 338 6105: 341-342. doi:10.1126/science.1226840


Author McFarland, Eric
Title Unconventional chemistry for unconventional natural gas
Journal name Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0036-8075
1095-9203
Publication date 2012-10-01
Sub-type Editorial
DOI 10.1126/science.1226840
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 338
Issue 6105
Start page 341
End page 342
Total pages 3
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Making most of our fuels and chemicals from fossil hydrocarbons is unsustainable. However, until costeffective renewable sources are developed, natural gas could provide a secure economical alternative to petroleum. Proven reserves of natural gas have doubled in the last decade (1), mainly from increases in “unconventional” gas found with shale (shale gas), coal (coal bed methane), and in low-permeability “tight” sandstones (tight gas) (see the first figure). Today, because it is not easy to convert methane into heavier molecules, natural gas (composed largely of methane) is mostly burned for heating and electrical power generation; a tiny fraction is used in vehicles. Cost-effective conversion of natural gas into higher-value chemical intermediates and liquid products could reduce our need for oil and help lower its shipping costs, which are higher than those of petroleum or coal on an energy-delivered basis. In addition, such processes might recover the large quantities of gas now flared or vented from fossil reservoirs (2).
Keyword Catalysts
Methane
Chloromethane
Oxidation
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Editorial
Collection: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
 
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