Detection of Bartonella quintana in African body and head lice

Sangaré, Abdoul Karim, Boutellis, Amina, Drali, Rezak, Socolovschi, Cristina, Barker, Stephen C., Diatta, Georges, Rogier, Christophe, Olive, Marie-Marie, Doumbo, Ogobara K. and Raoult, Didier (2014) Detection of Bartonella quintana in African body and head lice. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 91 2: 294-301. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0707

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Author Sangaré, Abdoul Karim
Boutellis, Amina
Drali, Rezak
Socolovschi, Cristina
Barker, Stephen C.
Diatta, Georges
Rogier, Christophe
Olive, Marie-Marie
Doumbo, Ogobara K.
Raoult, Didier
Title Detection of Bartonella quintana in African body and head lice
Formatted title
Detection of Bartonella quintana in African body and head lice
Journal name American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-9637
1476-1645
Publication date 2014-06-16
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0707
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 91
Issue 2
Start page 294
End page 301
Total pages 8
Place of publication Deerfield, United States
Publisher American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Currently, the body louse is the only recognized vector of Bartonella quintana, an organism that causes trench fever. In this work, we investigated the prevalence of this bacterium in human lice in different African countries. We tested 616 head lice and 424 body lice from nine African countries using real-time polymerase chain reaction targeting intergenic spacer region 2 and specific B. quintana genes. Overall, B. quintana DNA was found in 54% and 2% of body and head lice, respectively. Our results also show that there are more body lice positive for B. quintana in poor countries, which was determined by the gross domestic product, than in wealthy areas (228/403 versus 0/21, P < 0.001). A similar finding was obtained for head lice (8/226 versus 2/390, P = 0.007). Our findings suggest that head lice in Africa may be infected by B. quintana when patients live in poor economic conditions and are also exposed to body lice.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 20 Jun 2014, 21:19:45 EST by Mrs Louise Nimwegen on behalf of School of Chemistry & Molecular Biosciences