Estimation of separate effects of water and nutrient limitation for rainfed lowland rice within a province in the Mekong region

Inthavong, T., Fukai, S. and Tsubo, M. (2014) Estimation of separate effects of water and nutrient limitation for rainfed lowland rice within a province in the Mekong region. Field Crops Research, 163 100-108. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2014.03.020

Author Inthavong, T.
Fukai, S.
Tsubo, M.
Title Estimation of separate effects of water and nutrient limitation for rainfed lowland rice within a province in the Mekong region
Journal name Field Crops Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-4290
Publication date 2014-07-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.fcr.2014.03.020
Volume 163
Start page 100
End page 108
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Drought and low soil fertility are major constraints for high yield in rainfed lowland rice in Laos. To examine the separate effects of low water and nutrient availability and then to provide regional-scale fertilizer recommendations for rainfed lowland rice, a simulation study, together with field measurements, was carried out for Savannakhet province in the 2007 and 2008 seasons. To achieve this, a soil nutrient model QUEFTS (Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils) was combined with a recently developed soil water balance (SWB) model. The nutrient model was used to estimate yield from N, P and K uptake under various supply of nutrient in the soil, and then yield reduction due to water stress was calculated from the water balance model. The combined model was validated with the yield results of field experiments conducted in the dry season with no water limitation and also with yields obtained from 101 farms across the province in two wet seasons where both water and nutrient may have been limiting yield. The yield under inherent nutrient supply without fertilizer input was calculated from soil organic carbon, available P and K, and pH, and without water limitation, and was estimated to range widely between 1 and 2 t ha−1 for the central Lao province of Savannakhet. Yield was estimated to increase on average from 1.6 t ha−1 to 2.9 t ha−1 with the recommended fertilizer application rate of 60–13–16 N–P–K kg ha−1, and up to around 6 t ha−1 under non-limited nutrient conditions. Yield reduction due to water stress alone, estimated from the soil water balance model, was 4–12%. These results indicate that the influence of water stress on the yield estimated for the two wet seasons was rather small, compared with that of nutrient stress. Fertilizer rates to achieve a particular yield target, which were calculated by subtracting inherent nutrient supply from nutrient uptake required for the yield target and then dividing by fertilizer nutrient taken up per kg applied, were also estimated to determine the variability of nutrient requirements at different locations. In most of the rice-growing areas, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium required to achieve the yield target of 3 t ha−1 varied widely between 20 and 70 kg ha−1, 5 and 35 kg ha−1 and 10 and 30 kg ha−1, respectively, suggesting the importance of utilizing the site-specific fertilizer recommendation for rainfed lowland rice.
Keyword Model
Oryza sativa
Potential yield
Soil nutrient
Water stress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
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