New visuomotor maps are immediately available to the opposite limb

Carroll, Timothy J., Poh, Eugene and de Rugy, Aymar (2014) New visuomotor maps are immediately available to the opposite limb. Journal of Neurophysiology, 111 11: 2232-2243. doi:10.1152/jn.00042.2014


Author Carroll, Timothy J.
Poh, Eugene
de Rugy, Aymar
Title New visuomotor maps are immediately available to the opposite limb
Journal name Journal of Neurophysiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1522-1598
0022-3077
Publication date 2014-06-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1152/jn.00042.2014
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 111
Issue 11
Start page 2232
End page 2243
Total pages 12
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher American Physiological Society
Language eng
Abstract Humans can learn to make accurate movements when the required map between vision and motor commands changes, but can visuomotor maps obtained through experience with one limb benefit the other? Complete transfer would require new maps to be both fully compatible and accessible between limbs. However, when this question is addressed by providing subjects with rotated visual feedback during reaching, transfer is rarely apparent in the first few trials with the unpracticed limb and is sometimes absent altogether. Partial transfer might be explained by limited accessibility to remapped brain circuits, since critical visuomotor transformations mediating unilateral movements appear to be lateralized. Alternatively, if adaptation involves movement representations associated with both extrinsic (i.e., direction of motion in space) and intrinsic (i.e., joint or muscle based) frames of reference, new visuomotor maps might be incompatible with opposite limb use when visual distortions have opposite effects for the two limbs in intrinsic coordinates. Here we addressed this issue when subjects performed an isometric aiming task with the index finger. We manipulated the alignment of visuomotor distortion for the two hands in different reference frames by altering body posture relative to the orientation of the finger and the visual display. There was strong, immediate transfer of adaptation between limbs only when visuomotor distortion had identical effects in eye- and joint-based coordinates bilaterally. This implies that new visuomotor maps are encoded in neural circuits associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic movement representations and are available to both limbs.
Keyword Coordinate frame
Interlimb transfer
Sensorimotor adaptation
Visuomotor rotation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID DP1093193
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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