The influence of nanoparticle shape on the drying of colloidal suspensions

Hodges, Chris S., Ding, Yulong and Biggs, Simon (2010) The influence of nanoparticle shape on the drying of colloidal suspensions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 352 1: 99-106. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2010.08.044

Author Hodges, Chris S.
Ding, Yulong
Biggs, Simon
Title The influence of nanoparticle shape on the drying of colloidal suspensions
Journal name Journal of Colloid and Interface Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9797
Publication date 2010-01-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.08.044
Open Access Status
Volume 352
Issue 1
Start page 99
End page 106
Total pages 8
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Abstract Dried deposits of spherical Ludox silica and disk-like laponite clay nanoparticles have been examined by dark-field optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the effects of nanoparticle shape on the deposit structure. Dark-field optical images indicated that a higher concentration of Ludox nanoparticles was required, compared to laponite, for an optically visible deposit to be formed. Compared with the relatively simple ring-like features observed at the edges of Ludox deposits, the laponite deposits were more complex, with dendritic features appearing below 10 ppm that disappeared at higher laponite concentrations. AFM images revealed that whilst the Ludox rim deposit structure gradually increased in height and width with increasing nanoparticle concentration, the laponite rim deposits increased steadily in height up to 1 ppm, above which the rim height suddenly decreased and the deposit structure became smoother. The widths of the rim deposits were observed to increase in a similar manner for both nanoparticle types. Nanoparticle shape is suggested as the main reason for differences in the structural features of the rim for each nanoparticle type. The disk-like laponite forms tall thin rim profiles at low concentrations, before creating a more uniform rim profile at higher concentrations. We suggest that a critical laponite rim height is reached before partial collapse of the nanoparticle stack at the rim takes place as the particle concentration is further increased. This produces much thinner and smoother films of laponite at high particle concentrations than is found for similar concentrations of Ludox. Our work suggests that both the shape and the concentration of the nanoparticles themselves are crucial in determining the structure of the final dried nanoparticle deposit.
Keyword AFM
Coffee rings
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology Publications
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