Mindless suffering: The relationship between mindfulness and non-suicidal self-injury

Caltabiano, Giuseppina (2013). Mindless suffering: The relationship between mindfulness and non-suicidal self-injury Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Caltabiano, Giuseppina
Thesis Title Mindless suffering: The relationship between mindfulness and non-suicidal self-injury
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2013-10-09
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Graham Martin
Total pages 118
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary Non-suicidal self-injury is a complex behaviour that is disturbingly prevalent and difficult to treat. Past research has shown that individuals most commonly self-injure to cope with overwhelming, negative emotions. Though not always the case, individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment may be at higher risk of engaging in self-injury. Mindfulness has been associated with emotion regulation, and mindfulness-based interventions have shown effectiveness in reducing a range of psychological disorders. My thesis aims to explore whether mindfulness is a mechanism involved in self-injury, providing potential treatment and prevention strategies. A community sample of 263 participants, with age ranges between 17 years to over 65 years, completed an on-line survey measuring self-injurious behaviours, childhood maltreatment and mindfulness. Differences in levels of mindfulness between individuals with and without a history of self-injury were investigated. Mindfulness was also explored as a partial mediator in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and selfinjury. ANOVA results indicated mindfulness (overall, and act with awareness, non-judge and non-react facets), was significantly lower in individuals with a history of self-injury compared to those without. In addition, logistic regression analysis indicated that mindfulness significantly predicted self-injury. A significant negative relationship was found between mindfulness and engaging in self-injury to cope with negative emotions. Mediation analysis implementing a causal pathways approach and Sobel test suggested that mindfulness (overall, and non-judge and non-react facets) partially mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and self-injury. The current findings have important clinical implications regarding the instruction of mindfulness-based interventions to potentially prevent and cease individuals engaging in self-injurious behaviours.
Keyword mindless suffering
Nonsuicidal self-injury

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Created: Thu, 12 Jun 2014, 19:41:59 EST by Danico Jones on behalf of School of Psychology