Marble wastes and pig slurry improve the environmental and plant-relevant properties of mine tailings

Kabas, Sebla, Faz, Angel, Acosta, Jose Alberto, Arocena, J. M., Zornoza, Raul, Martínez-Martínez, Silvia and Carmona, Dora Maria (2014) Marble wastes and pig slurry improve the environmental and plant-relevant properties of mine tailings. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 36 1: 41-54. doi:10.1007/s10653-013-9517-z

Author Kabas, Sebla
Faz, Angel
Acosta, Jose Alberto
Arocena, J. M.
Zornoza, Raul
Martínez-Martínez, Silvia
Carmona, Dora Maria
Title Marble wastes and pig slurry improve the environmental and plant-relevant properties of mine tailings
Journal name Environmental Geochemistry and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-4042
Publication date 2014-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10653-013-9517-z
Volume 36
Issue 1
Start page 41
End page 54
Total pages 14
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Poor soil fertility is often the biggest challenge to the establishment of vegetation in mine wastes deposits. We conducted field trials in the El Gorguel and El Lirio sites in SE Spain, two representative tailing ponds of similar properties except for pH, to understand the environmental and plant-relevant benefits of marble waste (MW) and pig slurry (PS) applications to mine tailings. Low pH (5.4) tailings (El Lirio) exhibit reduction of up to fourfold in bio-availability of metals as shown by the DTPA-Zn, Pb, water-soluble Zn, Pb and up to 3× for water-soluble Cd. Tailings in El Gorguel have high pH (7.4) and did not exhibit significant trends in the reductions of water-extractable Zn, Pb, Cd and Cu. Improvements to the edaphic (plant-relevant) properties of tailings after the amendments are not as sensitive to pH compared to the environmental characteristics. The two sites had increases in aggregate stability, organic matter (total N and organic C) although total N is higher in the El Gorguel (up to 212 μg N kg−1) than the El Lirio (up to 26 μg N kg−1). However, cation exchange capacities are similar in both sites at 15.2 cmol(+) kg−1. We conclude that the characteristics, especially pH, of tailing materials significantly influence the fate of metals but not improvements to plant-relevant properties such as cation exchange capacity and aggregate stability 1 year after the application of MW and PS amendments.
Keyword Mine tailing
Soil properties
Vegetation establishment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 4 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 05 Jun 2014, 03:28:04 EST by Sebla Kabas on behalf of Centre For Mined Land Rehabilitation