Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea

Murray, Nicholas J., Clemens, Robert S., Phinn, Stuart R., Possingham, Hugh P. and Fuller, Richard A. (2014) Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12 5: 267-272. doi:10.1890/130260

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Author Murray, Nicholas J.
Clemens, Robert S.
Phinn, Stuart R.
Possingham, Hugh P.
Fuller, Richard A.
Title Tracking the rapid loss of tidal wetlands in the Yellow Sea
Journal name Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1540-9295
1540-9309
Publication date 2014-06-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1890/130260
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 12
Issue 5
Start page 267
End page 272
Total pages 6
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher Ecological Society of America
Language eng
Subject 1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
2303 Ecology
Abstract In the Yellow Sea region of East Asia, tidal wetlands are the frontline ecosystem protecting a coastal population of more than 60 million people from storms and sea-level rise. However, unprecedented coastal development has led to growing concern about the status of these ecosystems. We developed a remote-sensing method to assess change over ∼4000 km of the Yellow Sea coastline and discovered extensive losses of the region's principal coastal ecosystem - tidal flats - associated with urban, industrial, and agricultural land reclamations. Our analysis revealed that 28% of tidal flats existing in the 1980s had disappeared by the late 2000s (1.2% annually). Moreover, reference to historical maps suggests that up to 65% of tidal flats were lost over the past five decades. With the region forecast to be a global hotspot of urban expansion, development of the Yellow Sea coastline should pursue a course that minimizes the loss of remaining coastal ecosystems.
Formatted abstract
In the Yellow Sea region of East Asia, tidal wetlands are the frontline ecosystem protecting a coastal population of more than 60 million people from storms and sea-level rise. However, unprecedented coastal development has led to growing concern about the status of these ecosystems. We developed a remote-sensing method to assess change over ~4000 km of the Yellow Sea coastline and discovered extensive losses of the region's principal coastal ecosystem – tidal flats – associated with urban, industrial, and agricultural land reclamations. Our analysis revealed that 28% of tidal flats existing in the 1980s had disappeared by the late 2000s (1.2% annually). Moreover, reference to historical maps suggests that up to 65% of tidal flats were lost over the past five decades. With the region forecast to be a global hotspot of urban expansion, development of the Yellow Sea coastline should pursue a course that minimizes the loss of remaining coastal ecosystems.
Keyword Ecology
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
ECOLOGY
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID LP100200418
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 04 Jun 2014, 19:49:35 EST by Dr Richard Fuller on behalf of School of Biological Sciences