High prevalence of Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections in humans, Cambodia, 2012

Inpankaew, Tawin, Schar, Fabian, Dalsgaard, Anders, Khieu, Virak, Chimnoi, Wissanuwat, Chhoun, Chamnan, Sok, Daream, Marti, Hanspeter, Muth, Sinuon, Odermatt, Peter and Traub, Rebecca J. (2014) High prevalence of Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections in humans, Cambodia, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20 6: 976-982. doi:10.3201/eid2006.131770


Author Inpankaew, Tawin
Schar, Fabian
Dalsgaard, Anders
Khieu, Virak
Chimnoi, Wissanuwat
Chhoun, Chamnan
Sok, Daream
Marti, Hanspeter
Muth, Sinuon
Odermatt, Peter
Traub, Rebecca J.
Title High prevalence of Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections in humans, Cambodia, 2012
Formatted title
 High prevalence of Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections in humans, Cambodia, 2012
Journal name Emerging Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1080-6059
1080-6040
Publication date 2014-06-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3201/eid2006.131770
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 20
Issue 6
Start page 976
End page 982
Total pages 7
Place of publication Atlanta, GA, United States
Publisher U.S. Department of Health and Human Services * Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Ancylostoma ceylanicum, a hookworm of canids and felids in Asia, is becoming the second most common hookworm infecting humans. In 2012, we investigated the prevalence and infection dynamics of and risk factors for hookworm infections in humans and dogs in a rural Cambodian village. Over 57% of the population was infected with hookworms; of those, 52% harbored A. ceylanicum hookworms. The greatest intensities of A. ceylanicum eggs were in persons 21-30 years of age. Over 90% of dogs also harbored A. ceylanicum hookworms. Characterization of the cytochrome oxidase-1 gene divided isolates of A. ceylanicum hookworms into 2 groups, 1 containing isolates from humans only and the other a mix of isolates from humans and animals. We hypothesize that preventative chemotherapy in the absence of concurrent hygiene and animal health programs may be a factor leading to emergence of A. ceylanicum infections; thus, we advocate for a One Health approach to control this zoonosis.
Keyword Ancylostoma ceylanicum
Humans
Dogs
Cambodia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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