The effect of maternal presence on premature infant response to recorded music

Dearn, Trish and Shoemark, Helen (2014) The effect of maternal presence on premature infant response to recorded music. JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 43 3: 341-350. doi:10.1111/1552-6909.12303

Author Dearn, Trish
Shoemark, Helen
Title The effect of maternal presence on premature infant response to recorded music
Journal name JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1552-6909
Publication date 2014-05-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1552-6909.12303
Volume 43
Issue 3
Start page 341
End page 350
Total pages 10
Place of publication Hoboken NJ United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To determine the effect of maternal presence on the physiological and behavioral status of the preterm infant when exposed to recorded music versus ambient sound.

Design: Repeated-measures randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Special care nursery (SCN) in a tertiary perinatal center.

Participants: Clinically stable preterm infants (22) born at > 28 weeks gestation and enrolled at > 32 weeks gestation and their mothers.

Methods: Infants were exposed to lullaby music (6 minutes of ambient sound alternating with 2x 6 minutes recorded lullaby music) at a volume within the recommended sound level for the SCN. The mothers in the experimental group were present for the first 12 minutes (baseline and first music period) whereas the mothers in the control group were absent overall.

Results: There was no discernible infant response to music and therefore no significant impact of maternal presence on infant's response to music over time. However during the mothers' presence (first 12 minutes), the infants exhibited significantly higher oxygen saturation than during their absence p = .024) and less time spent in quiet sleep after their departure, though this was not significant.

Conclusion: Infants may have been unable to detect the music against the ambient soundscape. Regardless of exposure to music, the infants' physiological and behavioral regulation were affected by the presence and departure of the mothers.
Keyword NICU
Maternal presence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Music Publications
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