Setting conservation priorities in Fiji: Decision science versus additive scoring systems

Klein, Carissa J., Jupiter, Stacy D. and Possingham, Hugh P. (2014) Setting conservation priorities in Fiji: Decision science versus additive scoring systems. Marine Policy, 48 204-205. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.03.008

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Author Klein, Carissa J.
Jupiter, Stacy D.
Possingham, Hugh P.
Title Setting conservation priorities in Fiji: Decision science versus additive scoring systems
Journal name Marine Policy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0308-597X
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.03.008
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 48
Start page 204
End page 205
Total pages 2
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 1104 Complementary and Alternative Medicine
2002 Cultural Studies
2300 Environmental Science
3308 Law
2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Abstract There is a well-established scientific field - decision science - that can be used to rigorously set conservation priorities. Despite well-documented shortcomings, additive scoring approaches to conservation prioritization are still prevalent. This paper discusses the shortcomings and advantages of both approaches applied in Fiji to identify priorities for terrestrial protected areas. The two main shortcomings of using a scoring approach (discussed in Keppel (2014) [1]) that are resolved with decision science approaches (presented in Klein et al. (2014) [2]) in Fiji were (1) priorities did not achieve one of the most important stated conservation goals of representing ~40% of Fiji's major vegetation types and (2) the weighting of different selection criteria used was arbitrary. Both approaches considered expert knowledge and land-sea connections important to decision makers in Fiji, but only decision science can logically integrate both, in addition to other important considerations. Thus, decision makers are urged to use decision science and avoid additive scoring systems when prioritizing places for conservation. Fiji has the opportunity to be a global leader in using decision science to support integrated land-sea planning decisions.
Keyword Expert knowledge
Integrated land sea planning
Protected area
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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