Malaria case management in Papua New Guinea following the introduction of a revised treatment protocol

Pulford, Justin, Kurumop, Serah F., Ura, Yangta, Siba, Peter M., Mueller, Ivo and Hetzel, Manuel W. (2013) Malaria case management in Papua New Guinea following the introduction of a revised treatment protocol. Malaria Journal, 12 1: . doi:10.1186/1475-2875-12-433

Author Pulford, Justin
Kurumop, Serah F.
Ura, Yangta
Siba, Peter M.
Mueller, Ivo
Hetzel, Manuel W.
Title Malaria case management in Papua New Guinea following the introduction of a revised treatment protocol
Journal name Malaria Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1475-2875
Publication date 2013-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1475-2875-12-433
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Issue 1
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This paper reports on the availability of diagnostic tools and recommended anti-malarials in the 12-month period immediately following the implementation of a new national malaria treatment protocol (NMTP) in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Health worker adherence to the new NMTP is also examined and comparisons made with previously reported pre-implementation findings.

A countrywide cross-sectional survey in randomly selected primary health care facilities (n = 88). Data were collected via passive observation of the clinical case management of fever or suspected malaria patients and via an interviewer administered questionnaire completed with the officer in charge of each participating health care facility.

Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and the new first-line anti-malarial medication, artemether-lumefantrine (AL), were available in 53.4% and 51.1% of surveyed heath facilities, respectively. However, they were more widely available in the larger health centres as compared to the smaller aid-posts (90.2% vs. 21.3% and 87.8% vs. 19.2%, respectively). Overall, 68.3% of observed fever cases (n = 445) were tested for malaria by RDT and 39% prescribed an anti-malarial, inclusive of 98.2% of RDT positive patients and 19.8% of RDT negative cases. The availability and use of malaria RDTs was greater in the current survey as compared to pre-implementation of the new NMTP (8.9% vs. 53.4% & 16.2% vs. 68.3%, respectively) as was the availability of AL (0% vs. 51.1%). The percentage of fever patients prescribed anti-malarials decreased substantially post implementation of the new NMTP (96.4% vs. 39.0%).

PNG has achieved high coverage of malaria RDTs and AL at the health centre level, but these resources have yet to reach the majority of aid-posts. Malaria case management practice has substantially changed in the 12-month period immediately following the new NMTP, although full protocol adherence was rarely observed.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article number 433.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 21 May 2014, 17:43:22 EST by Justin Pulford on behalf of School of Public Health