Mapping stone: Using GIS spatial modelling to predict lithic source zones

Clarkson, Chris and Bellas, Angelo (2014) Mapping stone: Using GIS spatial modelling to predict lithic source zones. Journal of Archaeological Science, 46 1: 324-333. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2014.03.035

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Author Clarkson, Chris
Bellas, Angelo
Title Mapping stone: Using GIS spatial modelling to predict lithic source zones
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
Publication date 2014-06-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2014.03.035
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 46
Issue 1
Start page 324
End page 333
Total pages 10
Place of publication Camden, London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject 1204 Archaeology
1202 History
3302 Archaeology
Abstract We present a new approach to predicting the location of sources of flakeable stone using GIS modelling of raw material proportions obtained from site assemblage data. This approach offers a valuable tool for locating potential source areas and investigating past lithic provisioning and landuse when abundant site assemblage data is available but precise source locations are unknown. Using published and grey literature on raw material composition for 84 sites, we generate a model of varying raw material concentrations for the Moreton Region of Southeast Queensland, Australia, and test our predicted source locations against known prehistoric quarries, geology maps and ground truthing of two key predicted areas with distinctive raw materials. Our results suggest distinct source areas are identifiable, suggesting that primary outcrops are more important sources of stone in this region than large streams and rivers.
Keyword Distance decay
Lithic procurement
Predictive modelling
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 6 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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