A review of computational fluid dynamics applications in pressure-driven membrane filtration

Keir, Greg and Jegatheesan, Veeriah (2014) A review of computational fluid dynamics applications in pressure-driven membrane filtration. Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, 13 2: 183-201. doi:10.1007/s11157-013-9327-x


Author Keir, Greg
Jegatheesan, Veeriah
Title A review of computational fluid dynamics applications in pressure-driven membrane filtration
Journal name Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1569-1705
1572-9826
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/s11157-013-9327-x
Volume 13
Issue 2
Start page 183
End page 201
Total pages 19
Place of publication Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Language eng
Subject 2305 Environmental Engineering
2402 Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
2311 Waste Management and Disposal
2310 Pollution
Abstract Ongoing advances in computational performance and numerics have led to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) becoming a ubiquitous modelling tool. However, CFD methods have only been adopted to simulate pressure-driven membrane filtration systems relatively recently. This paper reviews various approaches to describing the behaviour of these systems using CFD, beginning with the hydrodynamics of membrane channels, including discussion of laminar, turbulent, and transition flow regimes, with reference to the effects of osmotic pressure, concentration polarisation, and cake formation. The use of CFD in describing mass transfer through the membrane itself is then discussed, followed by some concluding comments on commercial membrane simulation packages and future research directions in membrane CFD.
Keyword Concentration polarisation
Mass transfer
Membrane filtration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Centre for Water in the Minerals Industry
Official 2015 Collection
 
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