The effect of antenatal anaesthetic consultation on maternal decision-making, anxiety level and risk perception in obese pregnant women

Eley, V.A., Donovan, K., Walters, E., Brijball, R. and Eley, D.S. (2014) The effect of antenatal anaesthetic consultation on maternal decision-making, anxiety level and risk perception in obese pregnant women. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia, 23 2: 118-124. doi:10.1016/j.ijoa.2013.10.010


Author Eley, V.A.
Donovan, K.
Walters, E.
Brijball, R.
Eley, D.S.
Title The effect of antenatal anaesthetic consultation on maternal decision-making, anxiety level and risk perception in obese pregnant women
Journal name International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-3374
0959-289X
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijoa.2013.10.010
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 23
Issue 2
Start page 118
End page 124
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, England, United Kingdom
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Language eng
Subject 2703 Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
2729 Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Abstract Background: Obese parturients are recognised as high risk and an antenatal anaesthetic consultation is recommended. The potential positive and negative effects of this consultation have not been investigated. This prospective observational study aimed to determine if antenatal anaesthetic consultation affects decisional conflict, anxiety scores or risk perception in obese women planning vaginal delivery.
Formatted abstract
Background Obese parturients are recognised as high risk and an antenatal anaesthetic consultation is recommended. The potential positive and negative effects of this consultation have not been investigated. This prospective observational study aimed to determine if antenatal anaesthetic consultation affects decisional conflict, anxiety scores or risk perception in obese women planning vaginal delivery.
Methods Eligible women had a body mass index of ≥35 kg/m2, planning a vaginal delivery, aged ≥18 years and able to complete a questionnaire presented in English. Before their anaesthetic consultation, women completed a written decisional conflict questionnaire, the Six-Point Short Form of the Speilberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and two questions regarding risk perception. All questions were repeated by telephone consultation two weeks later. Independent samples t-tests were used to detect differences between pre and post-test scores.
Results Of 114 women recruited, 89 completed the protocol and were analysed. Women had a mean ± SD age of 29.4 ± 5.2 years and body mass index of 43.6 ± 5.6 kg/m 2. Decisional conflict scores were significantly lower after the consultation (30.04 vs. 16.54, P < 0.001). Anxiety scores were lower (9.41 vs. 8.49, P = 0.002) but this was not clinically significant. Only 19.1% of women felt their health was at risk in pregnancy; this did not change after the consultation. Thirteen women changed their preference toward epidural analgesia (P = 0.01).
Discussion Our results support the current practice of referral of obese parturients for anaesthetic consultation, but demonstrate that most women remain unaware of the risks of obesity in pregnancy despite anaesthetic consultation.
Keyword Anaesthetic assessment
Anxiety
Decision making
Labour analgesia
Obesity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
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