The prevalence and diversity of intestinal parasitic infections in humans and domestic animals in a rural Cambodian village

Schar, Fabian, Inpankaew, Tawin, Traub, Rebecca J., Khieu, Virak, Dalsgaard, Anders, Chimnoi, Wissanuwat, Chhoun, Chamnan, Sok, Daream, Marti, Hanspeter, Muth, Sinuon and Odermatt, Peter (2014) The prevalence and diversity of intestinal parasitic infections in humans and domestic animals in a rural Cambodian village. Parasitology International, 63 4: 597-603. doi:10.1016/j.parint.2014.03.007


Author Schar, Fabian
Inpankaew, Tawin
Traub, Rebecca J.
Khieu, Virak
Dalsgaard, Anders
Chimnoi, Wissanuwat
Chhoun, Chamnan
Sok, Daream
Marti, Hanspeter
Muth, Sinuon
Odermatt, Peter
Title The prevalence and diversity of intestinal parasitic infections in humans and domestic animals in a rural Cambodian village
Journal name Parasitology International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-0329
1383-5769
Publication date 2014-08-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.parint.2014.03.007
Volume 63
Issue 4
Start page 597
End page 603
Total pages 7
Place of publication Amsterdam Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In Cambodia, intestinal parasitic infections are prevalent in humans and particularly in children. Yet, information on potentially zoonotic parasites in animal reservoir hosts is lacking. In May 2012, faecal samples from 218 humans, 94 dogs and 76 pigs were collected from 67 households in Dong village, Preah Vihear province, Cambodia. Faecal samples were examined microscopically using sodium nitrate and zinc sulphate flotation methods, the Baermann method, Koga Agar plate culture, formalin-ether concentration technique and Kato Katz technique. PCR was used to confirm hookworm, Ascaris spp., Giardia spp. and Blastocystis spp. Major gastrointestinal parasitic infections found in humans included hookworms (63.3%), Entamoeba spp. (27.1%) and Strongyloides stercoralis (24.3%). In dogs, hookworm (80.8%), Spirometra spp. (21.3%) and Strongyloides spp. (14.9%) were most commonly detected and in pigs Isospora suis (75.0%), Oesophagostomum spp. (73.7%) and Entamoeba spp. (31.6%) were found. Eleven parasite species were detected in dogs (eight helminths and three protozoa), seven of which have zoonotic potential, including hookworm, Strongyloides spp., Trichuris spp., Toxocara canis, Echinostoma spp., Giardia duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. Five of the parasite species detected in pigs also have zoonotic potential, including Ascaris spp., Trichuris spp., Capillaria spp., Balantidium coli and Entamoeba spp. Further molecular epidemiological studies will aid characterisation of parasite species and genotypes and allow further insight into the potential for zoonotic cross transmission of parasites in this community.
Keyword Dogs
Pigs
Gastrointestinal parasites
Zoonosis
Cambodia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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