Onsets do not override top-down goals, but they are responded to more quickly

Wu, Shu-Chieh, Remington, Roger W. and Folk, Charles L. (2014) Onsets do not override top-down goals, but they are responded to more quickly. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 76 3: 649-654. doi:10.3758/s13414-014-0637-z

Author Wu, Shu-Chieh
Remington, Roger W.
Folk, Charles L.
Title Onsets do not override top-down goals, but they are responded to more quickly
Journal name Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1943-393X
Publication date 2014-04-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/s13414-014-0637-z
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 76
Issue 3
Start page 649
End page 654
Total pages 6
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Abstract Do onsets automatically capture attention? Spatial-cuing experiments often reveal no capture by onset cues in searches for color targets. However, recent experiments have shown faster responses to an uncued color target presented as an abrupt onset than as a change to an existing item, which has been argued to reflect capture by the onset. In the present experiment, we tested whether this onset advantage reflects the capture of attention or processing independent of shifts of attention. In a modified spatial-cuing paradigm, noninformative color precues were paired with color targets presented as abrupt onsets or as no-onset characters. Critically, the number of other onset items in the target display was manipulated, which has previously been shown to disrupt attention allocation to any particular item. It was reasoned that if the onset advantage for uncued color targets reflects attentional capture, then the appearance of additional onsets should eliminate this advantage. The results showed that even with multiple onsets on the target display, the onset advantage remained additive with cue validity. The additive effects are inconsistent with automatic capture by onsets, suggesting instead that the onset advantage arises from an independent source.
Keyword Attentional capture
Selective attention
Visual search
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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