Impediments to the success of management actions for species recovery

Ng, Chooi Fei, Possingham, Hugh P., McAlpine,Clive A., De Villiers, Deidre L., Preece, Harriet J. and Rhodes, Jonathan R. (2014) Impediments to the success of management actions for species recovery. PLoS One, 9 4: e92430.1-e92430.8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0092430

Author Ng, Chooi Fei
Possingham, Hugh P.
McAlpine,Clive A.
De Villiers, Deidre L.
Preece, Harriet J.
Rhodes, Jonathan R.
Title Impediments to the success of management actions for species recovery
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-04-03
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0092430
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 4
Start page e92430.1
End page e92430.8
Total pages 8
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
2700 Medicine
Abstract Finding cost-effective management strategies to recover species declining due to multiple threats is challenging, especially when there are limited resources. Recent studies offer insights into how costs and threats can influence the best choice of management actions. However, when implementing management actions in the real-world, a range of impediments to management success often exist that can be driven by social, technological and land-use factors. These impediments may limit the extent to which we can achieve recovery objectives and influence the optimal choice of management actions. Nonetheless, the implications of these impediments are not well understood, especially for recovery planning involving multiple actions. We used decision theory to assess the impact of these types of impediments for allocating resources among recovery actions to mitigate multiple threats. We applied this to a declining koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) population threatened by habitat loss, vehicle collisions, dog attacks and disease. We found that the unwillingness of dog owners to restrain their dogs at night (a social impediment), the effectiveness of wildlife crossings to reduce vehicle collisions (a technological impediment) and the unavailability of areas for restoration (a land-use impediment) significantly reduced the effectiveness of our actions. In the presence of these impediments, achieving successful recovery may be unlikely. Further, these impediments influenced the optimal choice of recovery actions, but the extent to which this was true depended on the target koala population growth rate. Given that species recovery is an important strategy for preserving biodiversity, it is critical that we consider how impediments to the success of recovery actions modify our choice of actions. In some cases, it may also be worth considering whether investing in reducing or removing impediments may be a cost-effective course of action.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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