Effect of elevated CO2 and high temperature on seed-set and grain quality of rice

Madan, P., Jagadish, S. V. K., Craufurd. P. Q., Fitzgerald, M., Lafarge, T. and Wheeler, T. R. (2012) Effect of elevated CO2 and high temperature on seed-set and grain quality of rice. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63 10: 3843-3852. doi:10.1093/jxb/ers077


Author Madan, P.
Jagadish, S. V. K.
Craufurd. P. Q.
Fitzgerald, M.
Lafarge, T.
Wheeler, T. R.
Title Effect of elevated CO2 and high temperature on seed-set and grain quality of rice
Formatted title
Effect of elevated CO2 and high temperature on seed-set and grain quality of rice
Journal name Journal of Experimental Botany   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-0957
1460-2431
Publication date 2012-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/jxb/ers077
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 63
Issue 10
Start page 3843
End page 3852
Total pages 10
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Hybrid vigour may help overcome the negative effects of climate change in rice. A popular rice hybrid (IR75217H), a heat-tolerant check (N22), and a mega-variety (IR64) were tested for tolerance of seed-set and grain quality to high-temperature stress at anthesis at ambient and elevated [CO2]. Under an ambient air temperature of 29 °C (tissue temperature 28.3 °C), elevated [CO2] increased vegetative and reproductive growth, including seed yield in all three genotypes. Seed-set was reduced by high temperature in all three genotypes, with the hybrid and IR64 equally affected and twice as sensitive as the tolerant cultivar N22. No interaction occurred between temperature and [CO2] for seed-set. The hybrid had significantly more anthesed spikelets at all temperatures than IR64 and at 29 °C this resulted in a large yield advantage. At 35 °C (tissue temperature 32.9 °C) the hybrid had a higher seed yield than IR64 due to the higher spikelet number, but at 38 °C (tissue temperature 34–35 °C) there was no yield advantage. Grain gel consistency in the hybrid and IR64 was reduced by high temperatures only at elevated [CO2], while the percentage of broken grains increased from 10% at 29 °C to 35% at 38 °C in the hybrid. It is concluded that seed-set of hybrids is susceptible to short episodes of high temperature during anthesis, but that at intermediate tissue temperatures of 32.9 °C higher spikelet number (yield potential) of the hybrid can compensate to some extent. If the heat tolerance from N22 or other tolerant donors could be transferred into hybrids, yield could be maintained under the higher temperatures predicted with climate change.
Keyword Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Elevated CO2
Flowering
Grain quality
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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Created: Fri, 16 May 2014, 00:56:57 EST by Melissa Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences