Fluid focusing and its link to vertical morphological zonation at the Dajishan vein-type tungsten deposit, South China

Liu, Xiangchong, Huilin, Xing and Dehui, Zhang (2014) Fluid focusing and its link to vertical morphological zonation at the Dajishan vein-type tungsten deposit, South China. Ore Geology Reviews, 62 245-258. doi:10.1016/j.oregeorev.2014.04.005

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Author Liu, Xiangchong
Huilin, Xing
Dehui, Zhang
Title Fluid focusing and its link to vertical morphological zonation at the Dajishan vein-type tungsten deposit, South China
Journal name Ore Geology Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0169-1368
1872-7360
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2014.04.005
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 62
Start page 245
End page 258
Total pages 14
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Five-floor vertical zonation in vein morphology is a common phenomenon in exo-contact vein-type tungsten deposits of South China and has been widely applied for practical exploration, but the causative mechanisms are poorly understood. We combine fractal methods and finite element based numerical analysis to investigate the link between the fluid focusing and the vertical morphological characteristics at the Dajishan tungsten deposit and to determine vein growth mechanisms. Fractal analysis of vein morphology indicates that the growth mechanisms of veins in the lower part of ore bodies were mainly controlled by growth rate. Anisotropic permeability tensor method is applied to evaluate the anisotropic flow behaviors in joints. Numerical experiments on permeability ratio and aspect ratio controlled by stress state indicate that the NWW-striking joints in the host rock significantly affect the fluid focusing in these joints and the other potential conduits. The higher permeability and aspect ratios in the lower levels of the joint systems lead to the more fluid focusing in the lower part of ore bodies, which delivers more fluids required for precipitating silica. The five-floor zonation at this deposit is related to the regional tectonic evolution from the Indosinian (257–205 Ma) to Yanshanian (205–135 Ma) in South China. This paper may also help to better understand the vertical morphological zonation in this type of tungsten deposits in China.
Keyword Dajishan
Tungsten
Morphological zonation
Fluid focusing
Permeability ratio
Aspect ratio
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 41373048
201411024
NGPMR2011
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2015 Collection
 
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Created: Thu, 15 May 2014, 00:11:51 EST by Dr Huilin Xing on behalf of School of Earth Sciences