Psychometric properties of the Cardiac Depression Scale: a systematic review

Chavez, Carolina A., Ski, Chantal F. and Thompson, David R. (2014) Psychometric properties of the Cardiac Depression Scale: a systematic review. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 23 7: 610-618. doi:10.1016/j.hlc.2014.02.020

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Author Chavez, Carolina A.
Ski, Chantal F.
Thompson, David R.
Title Psychometric properties of the Cardiac Depression Scale: a systematic review
Journal name Heart, Lung and Circulation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1443-9506
1444-2892
Publication date 2014-03-12
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.hlc.2014.02.020
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 23
Issue 7
Start page 610
End page 618
Total pages 9
Place of publication Chatswood, NSW, Australia
Publisher Elsevier Australia
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The prevalence of depression is high in cardiac patients. Depression has a significant impact on quality of life, adherence to therapy, and an independent effect on prognosis. The Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) is the only instrument designed to measure depression in cardiac patients. This study systematically reviewed the psychometric properties of the CDS for screening of depression in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).

Methods: A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science was performed using the search term Cardiac Depression Scale in the title or abstract. Eligible studies were those that assessed reliability, validity or diagnostic accuracy of the CDS in patients with CHD. Methodological quality was assessed using the QUADAS-2 and STARD.

Results: Most studies assessed the reliability and validity of the CDS: three studies assessed construct validity using factor analysis; six studies assessed the validity of the CDS with other measures of depression; and four studies assessed its diagnostic accuracy. However, some studies reported overlapping samples, which reduces confidence in their evaluation.

Conclusion: This review finds the CDS to be a psychometrically sound measurement instrument for identifying mild, moderate and severe depression in cardiac populations.  
Keyword Cardiac Depression Scale
Validity
Reliability
Diagnostic accuracy
Screening
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 13 May 2014, 01:05:58 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work