Epidemic dysentery in western Kenya

Malakooti M.A., Alaii J., Shanks G.D. and Phillips-Howard P.A. (1997) Epidemic dysentery in western Kenya. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 91 5: 541-543. doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(97)90018-3


Author Malakooti M.A.
Alaii J.
Shanks G.D.
Phillips-Howard P.A.
Title Epidemic dysentery in western Kenya
Journal name Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0035-9203
Publication date 1997-01-01
Year available 1997
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0035-9203(97)90018-3
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 91
Issue 5
Start page 541
End page 543
Total pages 3
Place of publication LONDON
Publisher ROYAL SOC TROPICAL MEDICINE
Language eng
Subject 2405 Parasitology
2700 Medicine
Abstract This paper describes the epidemiology of a probable Shigella dysenteriae type 1 dysentery epidemic in western Kenya. A retrospective record review over 2 years of all cases of dysentery, amoebiasis and diarrhoea was carried out in 13 healthcare facilities in the Rarieda Division of Nyanza province. Of the 3301 cases recorded, 2191 were dysentery, giving a cumulative 2 years incidence rate for dysentery of 4%. The epidemic began in December 1994 and peaked in February 1995, coinciding with the very dry season. One location in the area had an overall attack rate of 9.3%, double that of other locations. Highest rates were in children aged <5 years and in persons >15 years old. S. dysenteriae type 1, with its increasing multi-antibiotic resistance, is a continuing threat to the health of people in this region; this area may be suitable for intensive, prospective surveillance as a prelude to a Shigella vaccine trial.
Keyword Dysentery
Epidemic
Incidence
Kenya
Shigella dysenteriae
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 21 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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