Towards a post-traumatic subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Fontenelle, Leonardo F., Cocchi, Luca, Harrison, Ben J., Shavitt, Roseli G., do Rosario, Maria Conceicao, Ferrao, Ygor A., de Mathis, Maria Alice, Cordioli, Aristides V., Yucel, Murat, Pantelis, Christos, de Jesus Marie, Jair, Miguel, uripedes C. and Torres, Albina R. (2012) Towards a post-traumatic subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26 2: 377-383. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.12.001


Author Fontenelle, Leonardo F.
Cocchi, Luca
Harrison, Ben J.
Shavitt, Roseli G.
do Rosario, Maria Conceicao
Ferrao, Ygor A.
de Mathis, Maria Alice
Cordioli, Aristides V.
Yucel, Murat
Pantelis, Christos
de Jesus Marie, Jair
Miguel, uripedes C.
Torres, Albina R.
Title Towards a post-traumatic subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder
Journal name Journal of Anxiety Disorders   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0887-6185
1873-7897
Publication date 2012-01-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.12.001
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 26
Issue 2
Start page 377
End page 383
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
3203 Clinical Psychology
Abstract We evaluated whether traumatic events are associated with a distinctive pattern of socio-demographic and clinical features of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We compared socio-demographic and clinical features of 106 patients developing OCD after post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD; termed post-traumatic OCD), 41 patients developing OCD before PTSD (pre-traumatic OCD), and 810 OCD patients without any history of PTSD (non-traumatic OCD) using multinomial logistic regression analysis. A later age at onset of OCD, self-mutilation disorder, history of suicide plans, panic disorder with agoraphobia, and compulsive buying disorder were independently related to post-traumatic OCD. In contrast, earlier age at OCD onset, alcohol-related disorders, contamination-washing symptoms, and self-mutilation disorder were all independently associated with pre-traumatic OCD. In addition, patients with post-traumatic OCD without a previous history of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) showed lower educational levels, greater rates of contamination-washing symptoms, and more severe miscellaneous symptoms as compared to post-traumatic OCD patients with a history of OCS.
Keyword Comorbidity
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Post traumatic stress disorder
Traumatic life events
Traumatic stress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
 
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Created: Sat, 03 May 2014, 19:23:27 EST by Luca Cocchi on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute