The daily living self-efficacy scale: a new measure for assessing self-efficacy in stroke survivors

Maujean, Annick, Davis, Penelope, Kendall, Elizabeth, Casey, Leanne and Loxton, Natalie (2014) The daily living self-efficacy scale: a new measure for assessing self-efficacy in stroke survivors. Disability and Rehabilitation, 36 6: 504-511. doi:10.3109/09638288.2013.804592


Author Maujean, Annick
Davis, Penelope
Kendall, Elizabeth
Casey, Leanne
Loxton, Natalie
Title The daily living self-efficacy scale: a new measure for assessing self-efficacy in stroke survivors
Journal name Disability and Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0963-8288
1464-5165
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/09638288.2013.804592
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 36
Issue 6
Start page 504
End page 511
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Daily Living Self-Efficacy Scale (DLSES) designed to assess stroke survivors’ self-efficacy in daily functioning.

Method
: Two groups of participants (N = 424) were recruited, a stroke survivor group (n = 259) who were recruited through two stroke associations in Australia and a non-stroke group (n = 165) who were the partners/carers of the stroke survivors (n = 93) and members of the community in Queensland, Australia (n = 72). Principal Component Analyses (PCA) were used to assess the factor structure of the scale and investigations of internal consistency, test--retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity were conducted.

Results: The final measure is a 12-item scale comprising two subscales: self-efficacy for psychosocial functioning and self-efficacy for activities of daily living. The scale demonstrated high internal consistency, temporal stability and convergent validity, and it discriminated well between the stroke and non-stroke groups.

Conclusion: The DLSES is a psychometrically sound measure of self-efficacy in psychosocial functioning and self-efficacy in activities of daily living appropriate for stroke survivors, regardless of level of physical impairment.

Implications for Rehabilitation

A key factor that may influence outcome following a stroke is the level of self-efficacy that stroke survivors have in their ability to function in their daily life. The DLSES provides a measure of this ability that may be useful in enhancing preparation for the return to the community.

The DLSES assesses self-efficacy in two important areas of daily functioning – activities of daily living and psychosocial functioning.

This new measure can be administered to stroke individuals regardless of the nature or degree of physical impairment.
Keyword Activities of daily living
Daily living self-efficacy scale
Psychosocial functioning
Stroke
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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