Musculoskeletal deterioration in men accompanies increases in body fat

Pasco, Julie A., Gould, Haslinda, Brennan, Sharon L., Nicholson, Geoff C. and Kotowicz, Mark A. (2014) Musculoskeletal deterioration in men accompanies increases in body fat. Obesity, 22 3: 863-867. doi:10.1002/oby.20496

Author Pasco, Julie A.
Gould, Haslinda
Brennan, Sharon L.
Nicholson, Geoff C.
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Title Musculoskeletal deterioration in men accompanies increases in body fat
Journal name Obesity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1930-7381
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/oby.20496
Open Access Status
Volume 22
Issue 3
Start page 863
End page 867
Total pages 5
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Formatted abstract
To examine body fat and musculoskeletal changes in men over 5 years.

Body composition was evaluated for men in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study using whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) during two time-periods. DXA was performed for 1329 men (25-96 years) during 2001-2006 and for 900 men (25-98 years), 2006-2011. The masses of fat, lean, and bone were expressed relative to the square of height (kg/m2). Each compartment was also expressed as a percentage relative to body weight (%fat, %lean, %bone).

Mean BMI increased from 26.9 kg/m2 in 2001-2006, to 27.2 kg/m2 in 2006-2011 (P = 0.04). Mean fat mass increased by 9.0% from 6.98 kg/m2 (95%CI 6.84-7.11) in 2001-2006, to 7.60 kg/m2 (7.44-7.77) in 2006-2011 (P < 0.001); mean lean mass decreased by 0.9%, from 18.92 kg/m2 (18.83-19.01) to 18.75 kg/m2 (18.64-18.86) (P = 0.02), and mean bone mass decreased 1.6% from 1.041 kg/m2 (1.034-1.047), to 1.024 kg/m2 (1.016-1.032). Mean %fat increased from 23.4% to 25.2%, mean %lean decreased from 72.6% to 70.9% and mean %bone decreased from 4.0% to 3.9% (all P < 0.05).

An increase in BMI, which reflects a substantial increase in body fat mass and declines in both lean and bone mass was reported. This may have implications for future development of bone fragility, sarcopenia, and sarcopenic obesity.
Keyword Vitamin-D status
X-ray absorptiometry
C-reactive protein
Muscle mass
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 1012472
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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