Vitamin D deficiency among children with epilepsy in South Queensland

Fong, Choong Yi and Riney, Catherine J. (2014) Vitamin D deficiency among children with epilepsy in South Queensland. Journal of Child Neurology, 29 3: 368-373. doi:10.1177/0883073812472256

Author Fong, Choong Yi
Riney, Catherine J.
Title Vitamin D deficiency among children with epilepsy in South Queensland
Journal name Journal of Child Neurology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0883-0738
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0883073812472256
Volume 29
Issue 3
Start page 368
End page 373
Total pages 6
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Abstract This study evaluated prevalence and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency among children with epilepsy on long-term antiepileptic drugs treated in South Queensland, Australia. Children with epilepsy seen in a tertiary neurology clinic were contacted requesting bone health blood tests during winter of 2011. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels <20 ng/mL, and insufficiency between 21 and 29 ng/mL. One hundred thirty letters were sent, with 111 (85%) subsequently having blood tests performed. Vitamin D deficiency was identified in 24 (22%) of 111 and an additional 45 (41%) of 111 had vitamin D insufficiency. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified children on >2 antiepileptic drugs or with underlying genetic etiologies were more likely to have vitamin D deficiency. High proportion of children on long-term antiepileptic drugs in Queensland risk vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency despite living in the subtropics. Vitamin D monitoring and supplementation is important in the management of children on long-term antiepileptic drugs requiring tertiary care in Queensland.
Keyword Antiepileptic drugs
Bone health
Vitamin D deficiency
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
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