The sources of raw material and their use in the manufacture of prehistoric stone artifacts on Moreton Island

Richardson, Norma A. (1979). The sources of raw material and their use in the manufacture of prehistoric stone artifacts on Moreton Island Honours Thesis, School of Social Science, The University of Queensland.

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Author Richardson, Norma A.
Thesis Title The sources of raw material and their use in the manufacture of prehistoric stone artifacts on Moreton Island
School, Centre or Institute School of Social Science
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1979
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor H.J. Hall
Total pages 79
Language eng
Subjects L
370300 Anthropology
Formatted abstract

The prehistoric inhabitants of Moreton Island left many physical traces of their culture which are of interest to archaeologists. It is this 'material' culture that archaeologists analyse and study in order to produce theories of prehistoric behaviour. This thesis is concerned with determining the activities of prehistoric Moreton Islanders in relation to tool making behaviour. My specific area of interest is that aspect of stone tool manufacture which involves selection and use of raw materials. By determining the sources of these lithic materials and detailing their utilisation, information on the movement of people and stone is provided.  Data on the selection, use and distribution of lithic types are provided by two lithic collections from Moreton Island. Ponosov (1964) collected artifacts as part of a survey covering southern Moreton Bay and Moreton Island. This collection is housed in the Anthropology Museum of the University of Queensland. The other collection was made as part of a preliminary archaeological survey of Moreton Island by the Archaeological Branch of the Department of Aboriginal and Islander Advancement (1975), and is housed in the Queensland Museum.  Moreton Island is situated off the coast of south east Queensland. Its' position in relationship to the Moreton Bay area is indicated in Figure 1.  I shall provide a review of the literature relevant to this study which includes ethnographic record of Moreton Island, the study of Australian artifacts, and studies specifically related to the study of lithic resources. I also discuss the relevance of lithic resource studies to archaeology in Australia. A detailed study of the structural geology of Moreton Island and its relationship to both the mainland and adjacent islands was undertaken. This combined with fieldwork, provided raw materials source locations for Moreton Island and other relevant areas. Analysis of the two artifact collections provided data on raw materials types, artifact types and their interrelationship. Information was also gained regarding the distribution of stone and artifacts. Several factors influencing the use of stone in artifact making were investigated. The lithic collections were tested to determine what factors were influencing the selection and use of lithic material on Moreton Island. Several aspects of site and artifact distribution were considered in this analysis. ………………………..

Keyword Moreton Island

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (non-RHD) - UQ staff and students only
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