Nutritional influences over the life course on lean body mass of individuals in developing countries

Kulkarni, Bharati, Hills, Andrew P. and Byrne, Nuala M. (2014) Nutritional influences over the life course on lean body mass of individuals in developing countries. Nutrition Reviews, 72 3: 190-204. doi:10.1111/nure.12097


Author Kulkarni, Bharati
Hills, Andrew P.
Byrne, Nuala M.
Title Nutritional influences over the life course on lean body mass of individuals in developing countries
Journal name Nutrition Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0029-6643
1753-4887
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/nure.12097
Open Access Status
Volume 72
Issue 3
Start page 190
End page 204
Total pages 15
Place of publication Cary, NC United States
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The double burden of childhood undernutrition and adult-onset adiposity in transitioning societies poses a significant public health challenge. The development of suboptimal lean body mass (LBM) could partly explain the link between these two forms of malnutrition. This review examines the evidence on both the role of nutrition in “developmental programming” of LBM and the nutritional influences that affect LBM throughout the life course. Studies from developing countries assessing the relationship of early nutrition with later LBM provide important insights. Overall, the evidence is consistent in suggesting a positive association of early nutritional status (indicated by birth weight and growth during first 2 years) with LBM in later life. Evidence on the impact of maternal nutritional supplementation during pregnancy on later LBM is inconsistent. In addition, the role of nutrients (protein, zinc, calcium, vitamin D) that can affect LBM throughout the life course is described. Promoting optimal intakes of these important nutrients throughout the life course is important for reducing childhood undernutrition as well as for improving the LBM of adults.
Keyword Body composition
Developmental programming
Lean body mass
Muscle Mass
Nutrition
Physical activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Mater Research Institute-UQ (MRI-UQ)
Official 2015 Collection
 
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