Floodplain inundation and vegetation dynamics in the Alligator Rivers region (Kakadu) of northern Australia assessed using optical and radar remote sensing

Ward, D. P., Petty, A., Setterfield, S. A., Douglas, M. M., Ferdinands, K., Hamilton, S. K. and Phinn, S. (2014) Floodplain inundation and vegetation dynamics in the Alligator Rivers region (Kakadu) of northern Australia assessed using optical and radar remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 147 43-55. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2014.02.009


Author Ward, D. P.
Petty, A.
Setterfield, S. A.
Douglas, M. M.
Ferdinands, K.
Hamilton, S. K.
Phinn, S.
Title Floodplain inundation and vegetation dynamics in the Alligator Rivers region (Kakadu) of northern Australia assessed using optical and radar remote sensing
Journal name Remote Sensing of Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0034-4257
1879-0704
Publication date 2014-05-05
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.rse.2014.02.009
Volume 147
Start page 43
End page 55
Total pages 13
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Alligator Rivers region is located in the wet–dry tropics along the coastal zone of northern Australia and contains Kakadu National Park, which is recognized under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and is a World Heritage listed site. Multiple anthropogenic stressors increasingly affect the floodplains of this region, and baseline information on floodplain inundation dynamics is necessary to manage these threats and develop adaption strategies for sea level rise. This study uses classification tree modeling to combine microwave (ALOS L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) and optical (Landsat Thematic Mapper, TM 5) satellite data with field-sampled aquatic vegetation and depth logger data to predict the seasonal and inter-annual dynamics of aquatic plant cover and extent of inundation in the region. The USGS Landsat TM 5 image archive was sampled between 1985 and 2011 using three seasonal samples per year to create a comprehensive long-term time series of seasonal and inter-annual floodplain inundation extents. Classification accuracy for the inundation mapping was estimated at 86% based on seasonal depth logger data. The mean extent of inundation at the end of the wet season (March/April) was 1784 km2 (range 2283–1309 km2), receding on average to approximately 25% of its extent by August/September. Seasonal inundation patterns exhibit an exponential recession of inundation into ‘backswamp’ areas on the fringes of the floodplains with hydro-periods on the order of 5 months. The findings of this work significantly improve our understanding of dynamics in this environmentally and culturally unique area and provide a basis for application in other seasonally flooded environments.
Keyword Remote sensing
Microwave
Radar
Optical
Tropical floodplains
Flood inundation
Aquatic vegetation
Macrophytes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2015 Collection
 
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